Study of Mylabris Phalerata on Anti-cancer Effects in Some Kinds of Cancer Cells

반모가 수종의 인체 암세포에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Jin-Sung (Department of the 3rd Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Yoon, Sang-Hyub (Department of the 3rd Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Ryu, Bong-Ha (Department of the 3rd Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Ryu, Ki-Won (Department of the 3rd Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Jung, Myung-Chai (Department of the 3rd Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University)
  • 김진성 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 윤상협 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 류봉하 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 류기원 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 정명채 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실)
  • Published : 2004.06.30

Abstract

Object : Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Mylabris phalerata (반모) in some kinds of cancer cells. Materials and Methods: Some kinds of cancer cells lines were treated. We used nine kinds of cancer cell lines, such as stomach cancer cells (Kato), lung cancer cells (Calu-1, NCI-H 1395), urinary bladder cancer cells (HS789T), bone cancer cells (Saos-2), brain cancer cells (SK-N-MC), liver cancer cells (Hep-G2), skin cancer cells (Mo-1) and prostate cancer cells (PC-3) with the water decoction of Mylabris phalerata. The histological changes of all cell lines in the media (RPMI-1640) containing the decoction of Mylabris phalerata were observed and we examined cell death assay by trypan blue exclusion testing was examined. Finally, the change of mitochondrial membrane potential was measurd and the inhibitory effect of Mylabris phalerata on cell increase was examined by analyzing the cell cycle. Results: In histologic change all cancer cell lines showed withdrawn and floating appearance that is typical in cellular impairment. Most of the cell lines showed over 50% death rate after 24 hours in trypan blue exclusion tests. Especially the stomach, urinary bladder. brain and liver cell lines showed over 30% death rate after 12 hours. All cell lines treated with Mylabris phalerata were less stained than the control group and the mitochondrial membrane potential in the Mylabris phalerata treated cell lines was markedly lower than that in the control group. The measurement of DNA quantity in all cell lines showed the disappearance of the peak and the thickened left axis, which suggests that all cellular DNA degraded. Conclusion: Mylabris phalerata had cytotoxicity on various kinds of cancer cell lines and the mechanism of that was the impairment of mitochondria by the breakdown of the mitochondrial cell membrane. We propose that this is in part attributable to the destruction of DNA in cancer cells.

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