A study on effect in hemiplegic patients in the Hinged Plastic Ankle Foot Orthoses and Solid Plastic Ankle Foot Orthosis

관절형 및 고정형 플라스틱 단하지 보조기가 편마비환자의 정적${\cdot}$동적 균형에 미치는 효과

  • Lim Ho-Yong (Dept. of Prosthesis Orthosis, The Graduate School, Dae Bul University) ;
  • Ahn Yeon-Jun (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Dae Bul University) ;
  • Kim Yeong-Rok (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Dae Bul University) ;
  • Park Seung-Kyu (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Dae Bul University)
  • 임호용 (대불대학교 보건대학인 의료보장구전공) ;
  • 안연준 (대불대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김영록 (대불대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 박승규 (대불대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Published : 2004.09.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of HPAFO(Hinged Plastic Ankle Foot orthosis) and SPAFO(Solid Plastic Ankle Foot Orthosis) on standing balance and step moving in hemiplegia patients. Twenty hemiplegic patients were either inpatient or outpatient at the Rehabilitation medicine, MokPo J General Hospital and JeonJu J Medical Center from July 15, 2002 to September 15, 2002. Patients were able to ambulate independently for at least 10 meters and to stand independently for at least 10 minutes with balance measurement tool. The static balance and dynamic activity measurement was determined by SAKAI active balancer(Japan) with wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO. The static balance and dynamic activity analysis was analyzed by independent t-test. The results were as follows: 1. There were no significant difference in body weight bearing percent between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.05). 2. There were significant difference in whole path length between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p<0.05). 3. There were significant difference in Effective Value Area between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). 4. There were significant difference in repeated functional time between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). 5. There were significant difference in cadence between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). The result of this study showed that wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO gave fair amount of improvement to static standing balance and dynamic movement ability of hemiplegic patients. The comparison result showed significant differences in between HPAFO and SPAHFO. The result of this study had a general limitation due to the restricted number of cases. The future study needs more detailed research and comparison with various variance between these two orthoses.