Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Mediational Model of Quality of parenting

양육효능감: 자녀양육행동 매개 모델

  • Seo, So-Jung (Department of Consumer Science and Human Development Ewha Women’s University)
  • Published : 2004.04.01

Abstract

본 연구의 일차적 목적은 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들이 양육효능감에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고, 양육효능감이 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들과 자녀양육 행동과의 관계에서 매개역할을 하는 것인가를 분석하였다. 그리고 양육효능감, 자녀 양육행동, 아동 발달과의 상관관계를 살펴보았다 미국 내 거주하는 Early Head Start 프로그램 의 수혜 자인 저 소득층의 어머니와 영 아들을 (출생∼36개월) 대상으로 한 본 연구결과에 의하면 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들로 어머니의 연령, 소득수준, 양육에서 오는 스트레스가 양육효능감에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 양육효능감은 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인, 특히 어머니의 연령과 양육행동과의 관계에서 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다 양육효능감, 양육행동, 아동발달과의 상관관계 분석에서는 양육효능감과 양육행동에서만 유의한 정적인 강관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 지금까지의 선행연구들과는 맥을 같이하는 연구결과이지만, 저소득층(high-risk families)의 어머니와 영아를 대상으로 양육효능감을 포괄적이고 체계적으로 이해하고자 하였다는데서 의의를 찾을 수 있다. 나아가, 이 연구의 결과는 저소득층을 위한 아동 및 가족의 통합적 복지사업을 실천하는데 있어 의미가 있는 것으로 시사된다. 사회 경제적 자립을 위한 기회 제공과 자녀양육을 하는데 있어서 전문가의 직접적인 모델링을 통한 부모교육을 통해서 양육효능감을 향상시켜나갈 때, 아동 및 가족 복지 실현의 궁국적 목적을 이룰 수 있을 것이다.

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