Medial Reorganization of Primary Motor Cortex in Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury: a fMRI Case Study

외상성 뇌손상 환자에서 대뇌피질의 재조직화: 사례보고

  • Choi, Jin-Ho (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeongdong College) ;
  • Kwon, Yong-Hyun (Physical Therapy, Dept. of Rehabilitation Science Graduate School, Daegu University)
  • 최진호 (강릉영동대학 물리치료과) ;
  • 권용현 (대구대학교 대학원 재활과학과 물리치료)
  • Published : 2005.09.26

Abstract

The tenn 'Brain plasticity' has been identified that our central nervous system is continuously being adapted and modulated according to environmental needs and demands, and has been used to encompass the multifarious mechanisms related to learning, development, and recovery from damage to the nervous system. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate cortical reorganization in a 26-year-old right-handed hemiparetic patient with traumatic primary motor cortex (M1) injury, using functional MRI (fMRI). The unaffected (left) primary sensori-motor cortex centered on the precentral knob was activated during unaffected (right) hand movements. However, the medial area of the injured M1 was activated during affected (left) hand movements. It seems that the motor function of the affected hand in this patient was reorganized into the medial area of the injured precentral knob. These investigations provide a great useful information and clinical evidences with the specialized clinician in stroke physical therapy about patient's prognosis and therapeutic guidelines.