Changes in Smokers' Perception about smoking before and after Participation in a Hospitalized Smoking Cessation Program

금연학교 입원프로그램 전과 후의 흡연자의 흡연에 대한 인식변화

  • Chang, Sung Ok (College of Nursing, Korea University) ;
  • Shin, Sung Rae (Department of Nursing, Shamyook University) ;
  • Kim, Hung Kyu (Department of Mass Communication, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Kim, Sang Suk (Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University) ;
  • Ju, Eun Ae (College of Nursing, Korea University)
  • Published : 2005.10.01


Purpose: This study was done to analyze the changes in smokers' subjectivity about smoking before and after participation in a 5-day hospitalized smoking cessation program. Design: Q-methodology, which provides a scientific method on subjectivity, was applied. Findings: Nine types of subjectivity changes about smoking were identified; Type I, Nicotine $craving{\to}Confident$ of self control for smoking; Type II, Nicotine $craving{\to}Cognition$ of the link between habituation and smoking, Type III, Nicotine craving ~ Nicotine craving, Type IV, smoking as a social $behavior{\to}Cognition$ of the link between habituation and smoking, Type V, smoking as a social $behavior{\to}Motive$ to turn away from being addicted to smoking to being healthy, Type VI, Habitual $smoking{\to}Confident$ of self control for smoking, Type VII, Habitual $smoking{\to}Cognition$ of the link between habituation and smoking, Type VIII, Habitual $smoking{\to}Motive$ to turn away from being addicted to smoking to being healthy and Type IX, Denial of the negative effects of $smoking{\to}Confident$ of self control for smoking Conclusion: The types of changes in smokers' subjectivity before and after the smoking cessation program in this study suggest a better tailored intervention for individual smokers. The types of changes on smokers' subjectivity provide insight about which factors of the interventions for smoking cessation are especially valued for a particular group of smokers.



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