Combinational Effect of Moist Heating and Gamma Irradiation on The Inactivation of Trypsin Inhibitory Activity in Soybean

  • Felipe, Penelope (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yang, Yun-Hyoung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeong-Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Sok, Dai-Eun (College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyoung-Chin (Bio-Evaluation Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Yoon, Won-Kee (Bio-Evaluation Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Kim, Hwan-Mook (Bio-Evaluation Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Ree (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University)
  • Published : 2005.12.31

Abstract

The combinational effect of gamma irradiation and moist heating on the trypsin inhibitor activity (TIA) in soaked and dried soybeans was evaluated by measuring the inhibition using N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-p-nitroanilide (BAPNA) as substrate. Gamma irradiation significantly decreased the TIA level in soybean at doses above 5 kGy, and the $ID_{50}$ (the gamma irradiation dose required to reach 50% inhibition) value for TIA was 13.53 kGy. Soaking prior to gamma irradiation significantly lowered the $ID_{50}$ to 8.44 kGy, and the soaking process enhanced the efficiency to inactivate TIA by as much as 48%. When soaking prior to gamma irradiation was followed by subsequent mild heating ($60^{\circ}C$) process, the $IT_{50}$ (heating time required to reach the 50% inhibition of TIA) value at even 1 kGy (5.28 min) was greatly reduced by over 50% compared to the level for the no-soaking process. In addition, the activation energy of soaking prior to gamma irradiation at 1 kGy was 2.45 kcal/mole, which was also about 50% lower than the 5.10 kcal/mole of dried soybean gamma-irradiated. Based on these results, soaking prior to gamma irradiation is an effective method for TIA inhibition. Furthermore, a combination of two or more processing methods such as soaking, heating and gamma irradiation is much more effective than any single processing method.

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