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Hematopoietic Effect of Phellinus linteus Polysaccharide in Mouse Splenocytes and Bone Marrow Cells

  • Won, Tae-Joon (Department of Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Soo (Department of Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Woo, Jong-Shick (Department of Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Han, Sang-Beom (Department of Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Hwang, Kwang-Woo (Department of Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University)
  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

In anti-cancer therapies, radiotherapy and chemotherapy show a superior inhibition effect on cancer cell growth, but those are very toxic to normal tissues and organs. Particularly, drugs for neutropenia, one of chemotherapy agents, which suppress the function of bone marrow, are needed to be controlled in terms of their dosage and therapy period because of their side effect. Phellinus linteus polysaccharide (PL) has been reported to increase the number of splenocytes and bone marrow cells. PL has been shown to decrease the side effects of cyclophosphamide (CYC) treatment to the cancer patients. PL showed no effects in semisolid clonogenic assay, suggesting that PL doesn't contain substantial compounds to substitute for colony stimulating factors (CSFs). On the other hand, PL increased the expression of SCF, IL-3, GM-CSF, TPO genes. These results indicate that PL may promote the growth and proliferation of splenocytes and bone marrow cells through indirect or CSFs-dependent pathway, which may lead to a hematopoiesis.

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