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How the Korean Fashion Industry is Viewed by WWD USA

미국 패션전문 일간지 WWD에 드러난 한국 패션산업에 대한 인식

  • Lee, Yu-Ri (Dept of Clothing & Textiles, Seoul National University/Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Medvedev, Katalin (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising & Interiors, The University of Georgia) ;
  • Hunt-Hurst, Patricia (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising & Interiors, The University of Georgia) ;
  • Choi, Yun-Jung (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Seoul National University)
  • 이유리 (서울대학교 의류학과/생활과학연구소) ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • 최윤정 (서울대학교 의류학과)
  • Published : 2008.12.31

Abstract

Although we know that images of a country or an industry are influential factors in product evaluation, there has been little discussion about the channels through which consumers form a country or an industry image. Guided by the assumption that the image of the Korean fashion industry conveyed through U.S. media will likely affect the evaluation of Korean fashion products, we decided to examine articles published between January 1998 and June 2008 in Woman's Wear Daily(WWD), a prestigious U.S. daily trade newspaper covering all aspects of the national and international fashion business. By using the "Korean", we found 329 relevant articles. Through content analysis, we identified the aspects of the Korean fashion industry that have been considered salient to U.S. fashion media professionals. We set up categories based on the contents of the articles that discussed segments of the supply chain of the fashion industry. We found more comments on the Korean fashion industry as fiber and fabrics supplier or apparel manufacturer than in any other categories, which reflects that South Korea has been traditionally one of the most attractive sourcing countries for the U.S. fashion business. We identified significantly less coverage on the designing, branding, marketing, and retailing aspects of the Korean fashion industry. Due to economic boom in Korea, the country's fashion industry is recognized as having a highly fashion-conscious market that can afford the world's premium brands. However, the industry is viewed as being rather vulnerable to changes in the macro economic environment.

국가와 산업의 이미지가 제품 평가에 영향을 미치고 있다는 것은 주지의 사실이지만, 그러한 영향력의 경로가 되는 매체에 관한 연구는 부족하다. 본 연구는 미국의 대중매체에 드러난 한국의 패션산업 이미지가 한국의 패션제품을 평가하는데 영향을 미칠 것이라는 기본 가정하에, 한국 패션산업의 어떤 측면이 독자들에게 부각되고 있는지를 규명하고자 하였다. 미국의 명성 있는 패션전문 일간지인 WWD(Women's Wear Daily)를 선택하여 한국 패션산업과 관련된 내용분석을 시도하였다. 1998년 1월 1일부터 2008년 6월 30일까지 게재된 기사 중 "Korean" 이라는 단어를 포함한 기사를 우선적으로 검색하고 패션분야와 관련된 기사 총 329개를 최종적으로 선택하여 분석하였다. 섬유공급망 관리 상의 역할별로 분석 범주를 설정하고, 한국 패션산업이 공급망 상에서 어떤 역할을 담당하는 주체로 부각되고 있는지 살펴 보았다. 그 결과, 한국의 패션산업은 섬유와 원단공급업자, 혹은 의류제조업자로서의 역할을 담당하는 것으로 인식되는 경우가 많았다. 이는 역사적으로 한국이 미국의 패션산업의 주요 소싱국가였던 이력을 반영하는 결과이다. 디자인, 브랜딩, 마케팅, 소매유통업을 담당하는 역할자로서 한국 패션산업을 바라보는 관점은 상대적으로 미약하였다. 또한, 한국 패션산업은 패션에 관심이 많고 세계의 유명 고가 브랜드 제품을 소비할 수 있는 의미 있는 시장을 보유하고 있는 것으로 높게 인식되고 있는 반면 한국 패션산업은 거시 경제의 환경 변화에 따라 경기변동을 펴는 취약점이 있음이 부각되기도 하였다.

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