DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Determinants of International Competitiveness for the Korean Apparel Industry

한국 의류산업의 국제경쟁력 향상을 위한 결정요인

  • Baek, Young-Ha (The Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising) ;
  • Park, Jae-Ok (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Hanyang University)
  • Published : 2008.03.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants and elements to enhance Korean international competitiveness, employing Porter's(1998) Diamond Model. Half of the 500 leading apparel exporters that were members of the Korea Apparel Industry Association in 2003 were selected as the target of this research. From May to June of 2003, survey questionnaires were sent to executives of these 250 companies in person or by telephone, e-mail, or fax. Seventy questionnaires were used for the final data anlysis. The items used were Reliability, Categorical Regression, and Frequency, using SPSS 11.5. The results were as follows: First, as a result of analyzing the influence of international competitiveness in Korean apparel industry, the firm's strategy, structure, and rivalry was the most influential factor. Others were related and supporting industries, government, chance, demand conditions, and factor conditions. Also, the elements that affect Korean international competitiveness were listed as the level of price competition in foreign markets, the level of labor cost, export marketing capacity, and exchange fluctuation. The most important element to improve the international competitiveness of the Korean apparel industry was a demand growth rate of the overseas markets(Demand Conditions), followed by the level of the labor costs(Factor Conditions), the capability of internationalization(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), the change of currency(Chance), the quality and management of products(Demand Conditions), the capability of planning products(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), free trade from 2005(Chance), and global sourcing strategy(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry). Korea's main rival country in apparel related and supporting industry factors is China. However, Korea has a higher level of technology development, quality, and price level than China.

Keywords

참고문헌

  1. 권영순. (1995). 한국 의류패션산업의 국제경쟁력 강화방안. 성균관대학교 대학원 석사학위 논문
  2. 김영진. (2000). 우리나라 섬유산업에서의 QR/SCM의 문제점과 효율적인 도입방안에 대한 연구: 의류제품의 공급사슬을 중심으로. 서강대학교 대학원 석사학위 논문
  3. 김용주. (1999). 한국 의류산업의 범세계적 조달전략 결정요인에 관한 연구. 한국의류학회지, 23(1), 42-53
  4. 김윤호, 박동규, 김재연. (1990). 통계적 접근을 통한 국제경쟁력 분석. 경영과학, 7(1), 95-107
  5. 노형진. (2002). SPSS/Amos에 의한 사회조사분석. 서울: 형설출판사
  6. 박진수. (1994). 한국 의류산업의 경쟁력 향상을 위한 중소기업의 역할 이태리 의류산업을 준거로 한 분석. 한국중소기업학회지, 16(1), 147-172
  7. 성기룡. (2000). 홍콩 재수출시장을 꼭 잡아라. 대한무역투자진흥공사 홍콩무역관 전략조사 보고서. 서울: 대한무역투자진흥공사 홍콩 한국 무역관
  8. 손미영. (2003). 패션산업의 세계화 추세 및 경쟁력 향상을 위한 요소 연구. 서울대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문
  9. 정구현. (1991). 한국 기업의 다각화 전략과 국제경쟁력. 서울: 한국경제연구원
  10. 정준연. (1991). 국제경쟁력 결정요인에 의한 국제화 전략집단 및 성과분석에 관한 연구. 서울대학교 대학원 석사학위 논문
  11. 지혜경. (2002). 한국 의류무역 변화추이 및 구조적 특성에 관한 연구. 서울대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문
  12. 최대현. (1991). 한국 의류산업의 국제경쟁력 결정요인에 관한 연구. 성균관대학교 대학원 석사학위 논문
  13. 통계청. (2007). 한국표준산업분류. NSO. 자료검색일 2007, 4. 자료출처 http://www.nso.go.kr/std2006/k07a_0000/k07ac_0000/k07ac_0000.html
  14. 한국의류산업협회. (2004). 2003년도 섬유제품수출입협황. 서울: 한국의류산업협회
  15. Daniels, J. D., Lee, H. R., & Daniel, P. S. (2002). Globalization and business. N. J.: Prentice Hall
  16. Godley, A. (1997). Competitiveness in the clothing industry: The economics of fashion in UK womenwear, 1880-1950. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 2(2), 125-136
  17. Hart, J. A. (1992). Rival capitalists: International competitiveness in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe. New York: Cornell University Press
  18. Lewis, J. C. & Naim, M. M. (1995). Benchmarking of aftermarket supply chains. Production Planning & Control, 6(3), 258-269 https://doi.org/10.1080/09537289508930278
  19. Navaretti, G. B. & Perosino, G. (1995). Redeployment of production, trade protection and firms global strategies: The case of Italy. In Navaretti, G. B., Polimenti, G., & Perosino, G. (Eds), Beyond the multifibre arrangement: third world competition and restructuring europe's textile industry (pp. 169-184). Paris: OECD
  20. OECD. (1978). The international competitiveness of selected OECD countries, OECD Economic Outlook. Paris: OECD Publishing
  21. Porter, M. E. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. NY: The Free Press
  22. Porter, M. E. (1998). The competitive advantage of nations: With a new introduction. New York: The Free Press
  23. Statistics data base. (2006). World trade organization. Retrieved August 19, 2006 & August 19, 2007, from http://www.wto.org
  24. Textile Intelligence. (2001). Textile outlook international. Wilmslow: Textile Intelligence Limited
  25. WEF & IMD. (1995). The world competitiveness report. UK: Oxford University