Feasibility Study on Remediation for Railroad-contaminated Soil with Waste-lubricant

윤활유 유래 철도 오염토양의 정화방법 연구

  • Park, Sung-Woo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology) ;
  • Shin, Min-Chul (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology) ;
  • Jeon, Chil-Sung (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology) ;
  • Baek, Ki-Tae (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Young (Environments and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute)
  • 박성우 (금오공과대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 신민철 (금오공과대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 전칠성 (금오공과대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 백기태 (금오공과대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이재영 (한국철도기술연구원 환경화재연구팀)
  • Published : 2008.04.30


In this study, the feasibility of soil washing, chemical oxidation and sonication was investigated to treat lubricantcontaminated railroad soil. Tergitol, a non-ionic surfactant, was used as a washing agent with or without iso-propyl acohol as a cosolvent. However, it was not effective to remove lubricant from soil even though tergitol was the most effective washing agent for diesel-contaminated soil. The cosolvent reduced the overall washing efficiency. Chemical oxidation removed 30% of lubricant from contaminated soil. Soil washing after chemical oxidation extracted additionally 16-17% of lubricant. Sonication enhanced-soil washing showed enhanced overall efficiency of soil washing. Lubricant-contaminated soil should be remediated by the other technology used for diesel-contaminated soil.


  1. 김남호, 김인수, 최애정, 이민희, 2006, 과산화수소를 이용한 현장원위치 화학적 산화법과 공기분사법을 연계한 디젤 오염 토양/지하수 동시 정화 실내 실험 연구, 지하수토양환경, 11(6), 8-17
  2. 김민경, 공성호, 2006, Modified Photo-Fenton Reaction을 이용한 Methyl Tert-butyl Ether(MTBE)의 분해 Kinetic 및 메커니즘 규명에 관한 연구, 지하수토양환경, 11(6), 69-75
  3. 백기태, 김도형, 서창일, 양중석, 이재영, 2007a, 염산을 이용한 납 오염 토양의 토양세척에 의한 정화, 지하수토양환경, 12(3), 17-24
  4. 백기태, 신민철, 최현덕, 김도형, 전칠성, 2007b, 복합오염 철도토양 정화공법에 관한 타당성 기초연구, 금오공과대학교, 한국철도기술연구원
  5. 안치규, 김영미, 우승한, 박종문, 2006, 토양세척 공정에서 활성탄을 이용한 계면활성제 재사용 모델 개발, 지하수토양환경, 11(2), 1-12
  6. 우승한, 박종문, 2003, 오염토양 세척공정에서 모델링을 통한 최적 계면활성제의 선별, 지하수토양환경, 8(3), 61-73
  7. 주춘성, 문혜준, 오영숙, 정욱진, 2001, 윤활유 분해 균주의 분리 및 그 특성, 대한환경공학회 춘계학술연구발표회, 대한환경공학회, 이화여자대학교, p. 287
  8. 환경부, 2007, 오염토양 정화방법 가이드라인, 환경부
  9. Feng, D. and Aldrich, C., 2000, Sonochemical treatment of simulated soil contaminated with diesel, Adv. Environ. Res., 4, 103- 112 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(00)00008-3
  10. Feng, D., Lorenzen, L., Aldrich, C., and Mare, P.W., 2001, Ex situ diesel contaminated soil washing with mechanical methods, Mineral Engineering, 14, 1093-1100 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0892-6875(01)00114-5
  11. Haus, F., German, J., and Junter, G.-A., 2001, Primary biodegrability of mineral base oils in relation to their chemical and physical characteristics, Chemosphere, 45, 983-990 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00027-3
  12. Lee, S.-H., Lee, S., Kim D.-Y., and Kim, J.-G., 2007, Degradation characteristics of waste lubricants under different nutrient conditions, J. Hazard. Mater., 143, 65-72 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.059
  13. Menendez-Vega, D., GAllego, J.L.R., Pelaez, A.I., de Cordoba, G.F., Moreno, J., Munoz, D., and Sanchez, J., 2007, Engineered in situ bioremedation of soil and groundwater polluted with weathered hydrocarbons, Europ. J. Soil. Biol., 43, 310-321 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2007.03.005
  14. Philippopoulos, C.J. and Poulopoulos, S.G., 2003, Photoassisted oxidation of an oily wastewater using hydrogen peroxide, J. Hazard. Mater., B98, 201-210