Influence of gingival biotype on the amount of root coverage following the connective tissue graft

치은의 biotype이 결합조직이식 후 치근피개도에 미치는 영향

  • Joo, Ji-Young (Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Ju-Youn (Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Jo (Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choi, Jeom-Il (Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University)
  • 주지영 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치주과학교실) ;
  • 이주연 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치주과학교실) ;
  • 김성조 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치주과학교실) ;
  • 최점일 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치주과학교실)
  • Published : 2009.06.30

Abstract

Purpose: The integrity of interproximal hard/soft tissue has been widely accepted as the key determinant for success or degree of root coverage following the connective tissue graft. However, we reason that the gingival biotype of an individual, defined as the distance from the interproximal papilla to gingiva margin, may be the key determinant that influence the extent of root coverage regardless of traditional classification of gingival recession. Hence, the present study was performed with an aim to verify that individual gingival scalloping pattern inherent from biotype influence the level of gingival margin following the connective tissue graft for root coverage. Methods: Test group consisted of 43 single-rooted teeth from 21 patients (5 male and 16 female patients, mean age: 36.6 years) with varying degrees of gingival recession requiring connective tissue graft; 20 teeth of Miller class I and 23 teeth of Miller class III gingival recession, respectively. The control group consisted of contralateral teeth which did not demonstrate apparent gingival recession, and thus not requiring root coverage. For a biotype determination, an imaginary line connecting two adjacent papillae of a test tooth was drawn. The distance from this line to gingival margin at mid-buccal point and this distance (P-M distance) was designated as "gingival biotype" for a given individual. The distance was measured at baseline and 3 to 6 months examinations postoperatively both in test and control groups. The differences in the distance between Miller class I and III were subject to statistical analysis by using Student.s t-test while those between the test and control groups within a given patient were by using paired t-test. Results: The P-M distance at 3 to 6 months postoperatively was not significantly different between Miller class I and Miller class III. It was not significantly different between the test and control group in a given patient, either, both in Miller class I and III. Conclusions: The amount of root coverage following the connective tissue graft was not dependent on Miller's classification, but rather was dependent on P-M distance, strongly implying that the gingival biotype of a given patient may play a critical impact on the level of gingival margin following connective tissue graft.

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