DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Moxibustion on Physiological Indices and Autonomic Nervous Symptoms in Adults with Prehypertension

뜸요법이 전고혈압 성인의 생리적 지수와 자율신경계 증상에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2009.10.16
  • Accepted : 2010.10.17
  • Published : 2010.10.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of moxibustion on physiological indices, such as 24-hr blood pressure, pulse pressure, and pulse rate, and autonomic nervous symptoms among adults with prehypertension. Methods: Participants were adults whose systolic and diastolic blood pressures were in the prehypertension stage and were not under treatment for the condition. Both experimental and control group consisted of 13 participants who were taking classes on acupuncture and moxibustion at a private institute. The experimental group received moxibustion once a day for 15 min, at least 5 days a week for 8 weeks. The results were analyzed using $x^2$-test, t-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and repeated measures ANOVA with the SAS program. Bonferroni correction method was adopted for multiple comparisons. Results: No significant change was observed in the 24-hr systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the two groups. Differences in the 24-hr pulse pressure and pulse rate were also not significant. However, significant decreases in headache, symptoms of flushing and fatigue were observed in the experimental group. Conclusion: The results suggest that moxibustion contributes to alleviating symptoms such as headache, flushing and fatigue associated with the autonomic nervous system among adults with prehypertension.

Keywords

References

  1. Avolio, A. (2004). Pulse pressure and inflammatory markers. Journal of Hypertension, 22, 247-249. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-200402000-00005
  2. Bang, Y. H. (2005). The effect of moxa therapy on chronic constipation patients. Unpublished master's thesis, Cha University, Pocheon.
  3. Braunwald, E. (2003). Disorders of the heart. In T. R. Harrison, D. L. Kasper, E. Braunwald, A. S. Fauci, & S. L. Hauser (Eds.), Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 15th ed. (pp. 1253- 1377). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
  4. Chavanu, K., Merkel, J., & Quan, A. M. (2008). Role of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in the management of hypertension. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 65, 209-218. https://doi.org/10.2146/ajhp060663
  5. Cho, B. H., Kim, G. G., Kim, C. Y., Lee, A. L. N., & Chung, J. C. (2003). The present and task of alternative medicine, acupuncture, and moxa. Seoul: Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University.
  6. Chobanian, A. V., Bakris, G. L., Black, H. R., Cushman, W. C., Green, L. A., Izzo, J. R., et al. (2003). The seventh report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC 7 report. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 2560-2572. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.289.19.2560
  7. Chung, N. S. (2002). Medical management of hypertension. The Korean Journal of Medicine, 63, 105-111.
  8. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  9. Domanski, M., Norman, J., Wolz, M., Michell, G., & Preffer, M. (2001). Cardiovascular risk assessment using pulse pressure in the first national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES I). Hypertension, 38, 793-797. https://doi.org/10.1161/hy1001.092966
  10. Eguchi, K., Kuruvilla, S., Ogedegbe, G., Gerin, W., Schwartz, J. E., & Pickering, T. G. (2009). What is the optimal interval between successive home blood pressure readings using an automated oscillometric device? Journal of Hypertension, 27, 1172-1177. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e32832a6e39
  11. Jee, M. S. (1995). The miracle of acupuncture and moxa therapy. Pyeongyang: Medical Science Publication.
  12. Kang, H. S., Kim, W. O., Kim, J. W., Wang, M. J., & Cho, J. H. (2004). Effect of east-west self-help group program for rehabilitation of post stroke clients. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 34, 1351-1361.
  13. Kim, J. H., & Kim, O. (2005). Influencing factors that affect the psychological well-being in family caregivers of stroke patients. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 35, 399-406.
  14. Kim, L. W., & Zhu, J. (2010). Acupuncture for essential hypertension. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 16, 18-29.
  15. Kim, N. C. (2005). The research on the effect of hypogastric breathing on the decreasing of blood pressure in essential hypertension patients. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ewha Womans University, Seoul.
  16. Kim, N. S. (1998). Theory and practice of moxibustion. Seoul: Seowondang.
  17. Kim, N. S. (2000). The effect of chu-ma therapy on the decreasing of blood pressure and stress in essential hypertension. Kwandong Medical Journal, 4, 137-146.
  18. Kim, S. M. (1998). Property of drugs in hypertension. Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine, 19, 234-246.
  19. Kwon, N. H. (2004). The effect of moxa therapy on the decreasing of blood pressure in esssential hypertension. Unpublished master's thesis, Kwan-dong University, Gangneung.
  20. Lee, B. H., Kim, C. H., Seo, J. C., Yoon, H. M., Jang, G. J., Song, C. H., et al. (2001). The effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on the decreasing of blood pressure in hypertensive patients. The Journal of Korean Acupuncture and Moxibustion Society, 18, 70-76.
  21. Mourad, J. J., Blacher, J., Blin, P., & Warzocha, U. (2001). Conventional antihypertensive drug therapy does not prevent the increase of pulse pressure with age. Hypertension, 38, 958-961. https://doi.org/10.1161/hy1001.096362
  22. Papademetriou, V. (2003). Comparative prognostic value of systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressure. American Journal of Cardiology, 91, 433-435. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9149(02)03239-3
  23. Park, H. S., & Cho, G. Y. (2004). Effects of foot reflexology on essential hypertension patients. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 34, 739-750.
  24. Park, J. K., Kim, C. B., Choi, S. Y., Kim, D. R., Chun, S. I., Lee, S. D., et al. (2000). Challenge of complementary and alternative medicine - worldwide currents and health policy implications. Korean Journal of Health Policy & Administration, 10, 1-30.
  25. Schlebusch, K. P., Maric-Oehler, W., & Popp, F. A. (2005). Biophotonics in the infrared spectral range reveal acupuncture meridian structure of the body. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11, 171-173. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2005.11.171
  26. Shin, K. L. (2000). The development of Korean nursing alternative. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 29, 1403-1418.
  27. Strandberg, T. E., & Pitkala, K. (2003). What is the most important component of blood pressure: Systolic, diastolic or pulse pressure? Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, 12, 293-297. https://doi.org/10.1097/00041552-200305000-00011
  28. The Korean Society of Hypertension. (2004). 2004 Korean hypertension treatment guidelines. Retrieved February 2, 2005, from http://www.kaim.or.kr/main/files/02_01.pdf
  29. Uchida, S., Suzuki, A., Kagitani, F., Nakajima, K., & Aikawa, Y. (2003). Effect of moxibustion stimulation of various skin areas on cortical cerebral blood flow in anesthetized rats. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 31, 611-621. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X03001247
  30. Van Bortel, L. M. A. B., Struijker-Boudier, H. A. J., & Safar, M. E. (2001). Pulse pressure, arterial stiffness, and drug treatment of hypertension. Hypertension, 38, 914-921. https://doi.org/10.1161/hy1001.095773

Cited by

  1. 개에서 xylazine으로 유발한 서맥에 대한 내관혈(PC-6) 뜸요법의 회복 효과 vol.53, pp.2, 2010, https://doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.2.089
  2. 기마사지요법이 고혈압 환자의 생리·심리적 상태에 미치는 효과 vol.20, pp.2, 2010, https://doi.org/10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.73
  3. Effect of moxibustion stimulation on repair of injured gastric mucosa after common peroneal nerve transection vol.15, pp.3, 2010, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11726-017-0995-x