Experimental Study on Nonlinearity Characteristics Near the Free Surface in the Regular Wave Condition

  • Choi, Hae-Jin (Hanjin Heavy Industries & Construction Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Jung, Kwang-Hyo (Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Suh, Sung-Bu (Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Jo, Hyo-Jae (Division of Naval Architecture and Ocean Systems Engineering, Korea Maritime University) ;
  • Choi, Han-Suk (Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Pusan National University)
  • Published : 2010.02.28

Abstract

A series of experiments employing particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was conducted to produce benchmark wave kinematics data for regular waves having four different wave slopes in 2-D wave tank. Water velocities and accelerations near the free surface of regular waves were computed from image pair obtained by PIV systems. With the measured wave velocity field, the wave accelerations were computed using a centered finite difference scheme. Both local and convective components of the total accelerations are obtained from experimental data. With increasing the wave slope, the horizontal velocity and the vertical accelerations near the wave crest obtained by PIV technique became larger than theoretical results, which are well-known phenomena of the wave nonlinearity. It is noted that the relative magnitude of convective acceleration to the local acceleration became larger with increasing wave slope.

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