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A Study on the Problem Solving Styles according to Left/Right Brain Preference of Earth Science Gifted Students

좌우뇌 활용 선호도에 따른 지구과학 영재들의 문제해결방식에 관한 연구

  • Chung, Duk-Ho (Division of Science Education, Science Education Institute for the Gifted, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Seon-Ok (Division of Science Education, Science Education Institute for the Gifted, Chonbuk National University)
  • 정덕호 (전북대학교 과학교육학부.과학영재교육원) ;
  • 박선옥 (전북대학교 과학교육학부.과학영재교육원)
  • Received : 2010.03.10
  • Accepted : 2010.04.20
  • Published : 2010.04.30

Abstract

This study is to investigate the problem solving styles according to the left /right brain preference among earth science gifted students. We took the R/LCT and the test of BPI to investigate the brain preference of earth science gifted students (N=16), and took S-CPST to investigate the problem solving styles on them. In the R/LCT, the earth science gifted students were classified into 3 groups (8 left-brain preference students, 7 right-brain preference students, 1 middle-brain preference student). In the BPI, 8 students had the appearance of left-brain preference, whereas 8 students had the appearance of right-brain preference. According to the result of S-CPST, first the left brain preference students tended to resolve a problem into simple components, then they put together each simple component. They prefer to solve a problem using numbers and mathematical signs logically, but they were afraid of giving trouble to describe own idea with pictures. Whereas the right brain preference students solved a problem with 3 steps. First, they saw an overall form of problem. Second, they tried to analyze each simple component of it, and then, made up all in one. Also, the right brain preference students observed the intuitive pattern of problem first, and then suggested the various problem solving methods later, and they took a solving plan using a picture in detail. In sum, earth science gifted students are unequal in problem solving styles according to the left/right brain preference. Thus, a teaching-learning method needs to be developed based on left/right brain preference for more effective gifted education.

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Cited by

  1. The Analysis of Researches on the Brain-based Teaching and Learning for Elementary Science Education vol.33, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.15267/keses.2014.33.1.140