Effects of Modified Fasting Therapy Using Fermented Herbal Medicine on Changes of Body Compositions

발효한약을 이용한 절식요법이 체성분 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Jung-Min (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae-Jeon University) ;
  • Hong, Seo-Young (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae-Jeon University)
  • 이정민 (대전대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 홍서영 (대전대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2011.06.16
  • Accepted : 2011.07.01
  • Published : 2011.07.30

Abstract

Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine on the changes of body compositions. Methods : This study was carried out on 11 patients who carried out modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine. They went through reducing food intakes period(7 days), fasting period(10~14 days) and refeeding period(10~14 days). Body compositions(weight, BMI(body mass index), skeletal muscle mass, body fat mass, percent body fat, basal metabolic rate, waist-hip ratio, visceral fat area) were measured at each state. And then the data was analyzed. Results : 1. The weight and BMI decreased during the reducing food intakes period and the fasting period, and increased during the refeeding period. But the weight and BMI decreased during the fasting therapy period, as a whole. 2. The skeletal muscle mass decreased during the fasting period and increased during the refeeding period. As the final outcome, for the whole fasting therapy period, decrease of skeletal muscle mass didn't show significance. The body fat mass and percent body fat decreased during the reducing food intakes period, the fasting period and the refeeding period. 3. The basal metabolic rate decreased during the fasting period and increased during the refeeding period. As the final outcome, for the whole fasting therapy period, decrease of basal metabolic rate didn't show significance. 4. The waist-hip ratio decreased during the fasting period and the refeeding period. The visceral fat area decreased during the fasting period and refeeding period. Conclusions : Results from this investigation showed that modified fasting therapy using fermented herbal medicine have positive effects on changes of body compositions. This results are expected to compensate the defects of existing fasting therapy.

References

  1. 김영신, 신용욱, 이응세, 차윤엽. 해독요법의 관점에서 본 비만환자에 대한 연구. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2001;11(2):65-73.
  2. 한방재활의학과학회. 한방재활의학. 2판. 서울:군자출판사. 2005:376-84.
  3. 이수경, 진신영, 박성철, 김선종, 임양의, 송용선. 절식요법이 비만환자의 체성분변화에 미치는 영향. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2000;10(1):79-86.
  4. 신승우, 김성수, 신현대. 절식요법의 체중감량 효과와 체성분변화에 대한 고찰. 대한한방비만학회지. 2003;3(1):25-35.
  5. Fahrner H. Die Fastenkur. A rztezeitschrift f Naturheilverf. 1991;7:544-8.
  6. Owen OE, Smalley KJ, D'Alessio DA, Mozzoli MA, Dawson EK. Protein, fat, and carbohydrate requirements during starvation: Anaplerosis and cataplerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68:12-34. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/68.1.12
  7. Sapir DG, Owen OE, Cheng JT, Ginsberg R, Boden G, Walker WG. The effect of carbohydrates G, Walker WG. The effect of carbohydrates on ammonium and ketoacid excretion during starvation. J Clin Invest. 1972;51:2093-102. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI107016
  8. 송윤경, 임형호. 열량제한 식이와 운동요법이 비만인의 신체조성에 미치는 영향. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2000;10(1):45-68.
  9. 김고은, 정원석, 정석희. 절식요법을 시행한 비만 환자의 체성분 및 혈액학적 변화 증례보고 1례. 한방비만학회지. 2010;10(1):49-56.
  10. 정순관, 김동은, 유덕선, 임승룡, 송용선, 권영달. 절식요법을 시행한 입원환자의 후향적 연구. 한방재활의학화학회지. 2008;18(4):171-87.
  11. 염승룡, 권영달, 신병철, 송용신, 이종덕. 절식요법 전후의 골밀도 변화에 대한 임상적 연구. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2011;11(2):27-37.
  12. 이상봉, 금동호, 이명종. 절식요법 기간 중 단백질 변화에 관한 임상적 연구. 한방재활의학과학회지. 1996;6(1):317-26.
  13. 이한성, 이충원, 송미연, 신현대, 이종수. 절식요법 전후의 심박변이도 변화에 관한 연구. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2006;16(4):135-41.
  14. Muller H, Wilhelmi de Toledo F, Resch KL. A systematic review of clinical studies on fasting and vegetarian diets in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Scand J Rheumatol. 2000;30:1-10.
  15. Goldhamer AC, Lisle DJ, Sultana P, Anderson SV, Parpia B, Hughes B, Campbell TC. Medically supervised water-only fasting in the treatment of borderline hypertension. J Altern Complement Med. 2002;8:643-50. https://doi.org/10.1089/107555302320825165
  16. Kanazawa M, Fukudo S. Effects of fasting therapy on irritable bowel syndrome. Int J Behav Med. 2006;13(3):214-20. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327558ijbm1303_4
  17. Masuda A, Nakayama T, Yamanaka T, Hatsutanmaru K, Tei C. Cognitive behavioral therapy and fasting therapy for a patient with chronic fatigue syndrome. Intern Med. 2001;40(11):1158-61. https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.40.1158
  18. Michalsen A, Hoffmann B, Moebus S, Backer M, Langhorst J, Dobos GJ. Incorporation of fasting therapy in an integrative medicine ward: evaluation of outcome, safety, and effects on lifestyle adherence in a large prospective cohort study. J AItern Complement Med. 2005;11(4):601-7. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2005.11.601
  19. The Asia-pacific perspective: obesity and its treatment. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region. 2000.
  20. Nakamura H, Shimoji, Kouda K, Tokunaga R, Takeuchi H. An adult with atopic dermatitis and repeated short term-fasting. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2003;22(5):237-40. https://doi.org/10.2114/jpa.22.237
  21. 임준규. 난치병의 극복과 단식요법. 서울:고문사. 1974:2-14.
  22. 안점우, 최신웅, 김정연. 절식요법 후의 체성분 변화에 관한 임상 고찰. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2001;11(1):29-42.
  23. 문성원, 박성철, 진신영, 이수경, 송용선. 체중감량을 목적으로 절식요법을 시행한 환자의 체성분변화에 관한 임상적 고찰. 한방재활의학과학회지. 2002;12(1):61-73.
  24. 남문석. 한국식 초저열량 식이요법의 비만치료 효과. 대한내과학회지. 2002;62(3):241-2.