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Comparative Studies of Evacuation Time According to the Distribution Characteristics of Training Ship's Personnels

운항실습선 승선자의 분포특성에 따른 대피시간 비교

  • Hwang, Kwang-Il (Div. of Mechanical & Energy Systems Engineering, Korea Maritime University)
  • 황광일 (한국해양대학교 기계.에너지시스템공학부)
  • Received : 2011.02.21
  • Accepted : 2011.03.29
  • Published : 2011.04.30

Abstract

This study simulates and compares the evacuation time and characteristics according to the living patterns on board a training ship which was launched in Dec. 2005, on the viewpoint of the various activities being possible on board a cruise ship. Based on interviews with personnels on board, 3 living patterns are set as representative living conditions; Pattern A(all personnels are positioned at their cabins), Pattern B(all personnels are positioned at lecture rooms, offices or else), Pattern C(all personnels are positioned at restaurant or cafeteria). The simulation results show that Pattern B is comparatively ideal because the evacuation time is short and there is less delay of personnels' movement on each deck. On the contrary, Pattern C is evaluated as the worst because the average evacuation time took more than 360 seconds and the bottle-neck happened at Upper deck. As a result, this study proposes the needs of various countermeasures against the fire and/or disaster, considering the various living patterns on cruiser(s) and/or passenger ship(s).

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  2. An Experiment on Walking Speeds of Freshmen Unexperienced in Shipboard Life on a Passenger Ship vol.37, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5394/KINPR.2013.37.3.239
  3. Shipboard Fire Evacuation Route Prediction Algorithm Development vol.24, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2018.24.5.519