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Effects of Visual Feedback-Based Balance Training on Balance in Elderly Fallers

시각되먹임 균형훈련이 낙상을 경험한 노인의 균형에 미치는 효과

  • Lee, Sun-Woo (Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-Jin (Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Song, Chang-Ho (Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University)
  • 이선우 (이화여자대학교 간호과학과) ;
  • 이경진 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 송창호 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2011.03.15
  • Accepted : 2011.04.20
  • Published : 2011.05.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a visual feedbackbased balance training, using force platform biofeedback, on the postural balance of elderly faller. Methods: Fifty one community-dwelling older adults (aged 66-88 years) with a recent history of fall participated in the study. Participants were randomized to an experimental group (EG, n=25) and to a control group (CG, n=26). The EG participated in training sessions three times/week for 6 weeks. Visual feedbackbased balance training with the a computerized force platform with visual feedback screen was used in the experimental group. Static balance (center of gravity) and dynamic balance (Functional reach test, Timed "Up & Go" test, Berg balance scale) were assessed before and after end of training. Results: A significant improvement in static balance and dynamic balance were demonstrated within the EG (p<.05), but not in the CG. Conclusion: Visual feedback-based balance training may be an effective intervention to improve postural balance of elderly fallers.

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