Analytical Method of Bentazone Residue in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS

HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 bentazone의 분석법 확립

  • Kim, Young-Hak (Dept. of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Su-Jin (Dept. of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Song, Lee-Seul (Dept. of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Hwang, Young-Sun (Dept. of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Young-Deuk (Division of Life and Environmental Science, Daegu University) ;
  • Choung, Myoung-Gun (Dept. of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University)
  • 김영학 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과) ;
  • 이수진 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과) ;
  • 송이슬 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과) ;
  • 황영선 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과) ;
  • 이영득 (대구대학교 생명환경학부) ;
  • 정명근 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과)
  • Received : 2011.06.08
  • Accepted : 2011.06.17
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

Bentazone is benzothiadiazole group herbicide, and used to foliage treatment. This herbicide have already been widely used for cereals and vegetables planting in worldwide. This experiment was conducted to establish a determination method for bentazone residue in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS. Bentazone residue was extracted with acetone (adjusted pH 1 with phosphoric acid) from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, apple, green pepper, and Chinese cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline water, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover bentazone from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final clean up of the extract. The bentazone was quantitated by HPLC with UVD, using a YMC ODS AM 303 ($4.6{\times}250$ mm) column. The crops were fortified with bentazone at 3 levels per crop. Mean recovery ratio were ranged from 82.0% for a 0.2 mg/kg in apple to 97.9% for a 0.02 mg/kg in Chinese cabbage. The coefficients of variation were ranged from 0.5% for a 0.02 mg/kg in soybean to 9.7% for a 0.02 mg/kg in Chinese cabbage. Quantitative limit of bentazone was 0.02 mg/kg in representative five crop samples. A LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of bentazone in agricultural commodities.

HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용하여 농산물 중 benzothiadiazole계 선택적 접촉 제초제인 bentazone의 잔류분석법을 확립하였다. 농산물 시료에 인산용액으로 pH를 1로 조절한 acetone을 가하여 추출하였고, bentazone의 잔류분은 dichloromethane 액-액 분배법과 florisil 흡착크로마토그래피법으로 정제하여 분석대상 시료로 하였다. Bentazone의 정량적 분석을 위한 최적 HPLC 분석 조건을 확립하였고, $C_{18}$ 칼럼을 이용한 HPLC 분석 시 불순물의 간섭은 없었으며, 대표 농산물 중 bentazonc의 분석정량한계(LOQ)은 0.02 mg/kg 이었다. 전체 농산물에 대해 정량한계, 정량한계의 10배 및 50배 수준에서 회수율을 검토한 결과 모든 처리 농도에서 82.0~97.9% 수준을 나타내었으며, 농산물 시료 및 처리수준에 관계없이 10%미만의 분석오차를 나타내어 잔류분석 기준이내를 만족하였다. 본 연구에서 확립한 benzothiadiazole계 제초제인 bentazone의 잔류분석법은 검출한계, 회수율 및 분석오차 면에서 국제적 분석기준을 만족할 뿐만 아니라, LC/MS SIM을 이용한 잔류분의 재확인과정 및 회수율 검증의 결과를 종합해 볼 때 분석과정의 편이성 및 신뢰성이 확보된 공정분석법으로 사용이 가능 할 것으로 판단된다.

Keywords

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