Effects of Infants' and Toddlers' Temperament and Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy on Parenting Behavior

영아기와 걸음마기 유아의 기질과 어머니의 양육효능감이 양육행동에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2011.09.30
  • Accepted : 2011.12.12
  • Published : 2011.12.31

Abstract

This study examined the effects of infants' and toddlers' temperament and mothers' parenting self-efficacy on parenting behavior. Two hundred and thirty-two mothers with infants and toddlers completed the questionnaires regarding children's temperament, parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior. The collected data were analysed by correlations and pathway analysis. The results were as follows: First, infants' and toddlers' temperament directly and indirectly through mothers' parenting self-efficacy affected affectionate and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior. Second, mothers' parenting self-efficacy directly affected affectionate, authoritarian and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior and mediated between children's temperament and mothers' parenting behavior. Additionally the most important variable predicting mothers' affectionate and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior was infants' and toddlers' temperament, and the most important variable for authoritarian parenting behavior was mothers' parenting self-efficacy.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동아대학교