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Establishment of 22 Pesticide MRLs in Agricultural Products based on Risk Assessment

위해성평가에 근거한 농산물 중 22종 농약의 잔류허용기준설정

  • Chung, Hyung-Wook (Food Standards Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Ha, Yong-Geun (Food chemical Residues Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex) ;
  • Im, Moo-Hyeog (Food Standards Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Shin, Ji-Eun (Food Standards Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Do, Jung-Ah (Food chemical Residues Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex) ;
  • Oh, Jae-Ho (Food chemical Residues Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex) ;
  • Cho, Jae-Ho (Food Standards Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Kwon, Ki-Sung (Food chemical Residues Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex) ;
  • Park, Sun-Hee (Food Standards Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration)
  • 정형욱 (식품의약품안전청 식품기준과) ;
  • 하용근 (식품의약품안전평가원 화학물질과) ;
  • 임무혁 (식품의약품안전청 식품기준과) ;
  • 신지은 (식품의약품안전청 식품기준과) ;
  • 도정아 (식품의약품안전평가원 화학물질과) ;
  • 오재호 (식품의약품안전평가원 화학물질과) ;
  • 조재호 (식품의약품안전청 식품기준과) ;
  • 권기성 (식품의약품안전평가원 화학물질과) ;
  • 박선희 (식품의약품안전청 식품기준과)
  • Received : 2011.05.13
  • Accepted : 2011.05.30
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Food Sanitary Act establishes Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) of pesticides in food that are newly registered and used per each quarter, as stipulated by Agro-chemical Control Act. Current Food Code contains the MRLs for a total of 418 pesticides in 184 food types. METHODS AND RESULTS: National MRLs for pesticides have been established by based on scientific data of good agricultural practice, acceptable daily intake (ADI), food intake, average body weight and others. MRLs for pesticides are generally set under the principle that theoretical maximum daily intake (TMDI) are always below ADI. As results, 27 MRLs in agricultural products were newly proposed for 22 pesticides (fungicide: azoxystrobin, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, iprovalicarb, kresoxim-methyl, mandipropamid, metconazole, pyraclostrobin, tebuconazole, triflumizole, etc., Insecticide: dinotefuran, flubendiamide, indoxacarb, cyhalothrin, spinetoram, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, metaflumizone, etc., Acaricide(miticide): cyenopyrafen, lufenuron) in 2010. CONCLUSION(s): There is no intake concerns for establishment of pesticide MRLs on foods in this time. Because the ratio of theoretical maximum daily intake (TMDI) are set below that of ADI.

본 연구를 통해 신규농약인 isotianil의 쌀에 대한 잔류허용기준과, 기준이 확대되는 21종 농약에 대해 26개의 농약잔류허용기준을 제시하였다. Iisotianil의 쌀에 대한 MRL은 0.1 mg/kg으로 설정하였고, ADI대비 TMDI의 비율 1.54%로 안전한 수준으로 판단된다. 기준이 확대되는 21종의 농약의 경우 dinotefuran, idoxacarb, trifumizole을 제외한 나머지 농약은 ADI대비 TMDI의 비율이 50% 미만으로 안전성에 문제가 없는 수준으로 판단된다. Trifumizole은 재평가를 통해 미등록된 작물의 기준을 폐지하면, 현재의 ADI대비 TMDI 비율 절반 수준인 30% 미만으로 감소될 것으로 예측된다.

References

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  2. Lee, J.K., and Woo, H.D., 2010. Current Status for Management of Pesticide Maximum Residue Limits in Foods, Food Sci. Industry. 43(2), 1-23.
  3. Lee, M.G., Shim, J.H., Ko, S.H., Chung, H.R., 2010. Research Trends on the Development of Scientific Evidence On the domestic Maximum Residue Limits of Pesticides. Food Sci. Industry. 43(2), 41-66.
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