Risk Factors for Hypertension of Middle Aged Male Workers using Data from Health Check-ups

중년 남성 근로자의 고혈압 발생에 관련된 요인의 검토

  • Ahn, Kwon-Suk (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chodang University) ;
  • Park, Sung-Kyeong (Department of Beauty Art & Skin Care, Daejeon Health Science College) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Chungnam National University School of Medicine and Research Institute for Medical Sciences)
  • 안권숙 (초당대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 박승경 (대전보건대학 피부미용과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실 및 의학연구소)
  • Received : 2012.07.26
  • Accepted : 2012.10.11
  • Published : 2012.10.31


The present study was conducted to identify the factors related to the hypertension, and to offer the evidence of 1st prevention of hypertension. 2,230 male workers aged 30-59 years were observed the relationships between hypertension and age, BMI, glucose intolerance, smoking, alcohol drinking, regular exercise, eating habits using data from health check-ups in 2011. As a results, the incidence rate of hypertension was 18.8% of 30-39 year old group, 23.8% of 40-49 year old group, 33.0% of 40-49 year old group. The incidence rate of hypertension was significantly higher as age and BMI ascend, and it was higher in the group of abnormal glucose intolerance, regular alcohol intake, no regular exercise than their respective counterparts. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratio of hypertension increased significantly as there is an increase in age, and the group of abnormal glucose intolerance, smoking, regular alcohol intake, no regular exercise. In conclusion, obesity, glucose intolerance, alcohol intake, and physical inactivity are risk factors for hypertension, therefore we need the control of these factors for 1st prevention of hypertension.

본 연구는 성인 남성 근로자들의 고혈압 발생에 관련된 요인을 밝히고, 고혈압의 1차 예방대책을 실시하기 위한 과학적 근거를 제공할 목적으로 대전광역시의 모 건강검진센터에서 2011년에 건강검진을 받은 남성 근로자 2,230명을 대상으로 하였다. 조사는 대상자의 연령, 비만도, 내당능, 흡연 및 음주습관, 운동습관과 혈압수준과의 관계를 조사하였다. 연구결과, 전체 조사대상자의 연령계층별 고혈압 발생은 30대 18.8%, 40대 23.8%, 50대 33.0%를 보였으며, 고혈압 발생은 연령이 증가할수록, BMI가 증가할수록 높아지는 경향이었으며, 내당능 이상군, 상습음주군, 운동부족군에서 그렇지 않은 군보다 고혈압 발생이 유의하게 높았다. 고혈압 발생에 대한 관련변수의 위험비를 구한 결과 비만도의 경우 30대, 40대, 50대 연령층 모두 정상군에 비해 과체중군과 비만군에서 고혈압이 발생할 위험비가 1.0 이상 유의하게 상승하였다. 내당능 이상군은 정상군에 비해 40대와 50대 연령층에서, 흡연군은 비흡연군에 비해 30대 연령층에서, 상습음주군은 비상습음주군에 비해 30대 연령층에서, 비운동군은 운동군에 비해 40대와 50대 연령층에서 고혈압이 발생할 위험비가 1.0 이상 유의하게 상승하였다. 위와 같은 결과는 고혈압의 1차 예방대책으로 비만, 알코올섭취, 운동부족이 중요하므로 바람직한 음주습관, 정기적인 운동 및 적정 체중의 유지에 신경을 쓸 필요가 있음을 시사한다.



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