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Effects of various receptor antagonists on the peripheral antinociceptive activity of aqueous extracts of Dicranopteris linearis, Melastoma malabathricum and Bauhinia purpurea leaves in mice

  • Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin (Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
  • Sodri, Nurul Husna (Faculty of Pharmacy, Science and Technology Complex, Universiti Teknologi MARA) ;
  • Hassan, Halmy (Faculty of Pharmacy, Science and Technology Complex, Universiti Teknologi MARA) ;
  • Anuar, Khairiyah (Faculty of Pharmacy, Science and Technology Complex, Universiti Teknologi MARA) ;
  • Abdullah, Fatimah Corazon (Institute of Bio-IT Selangor, Universiti Selangor)
  • Received : 2012.05.13
  • Accepted : 2012.11.05
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the possible mechanisms of the peripheral antinociception of the aqueous extracts of Dicranopteris linearis (AEDL), Melastoma malabathricum (AEMM) and Bauhinia purpurea (AEBP) leaves in mice. Briefly, the antinociceptive profile of each extract (300, 500, and 1000 mg/kg; subcutaneous (s.c.)), was established using the abdominal constriction test. A single dose (500 mg/kg) of each extract (s.c.) was pre-challenged for 10 min with various pain receptors' antagonists or pain mediators' blockers and 30 min later subjected to the antinociceptive assay to determine the possible mechanism(s) involved. Based on the results obtained, all extracts exerted significant (p < 0.05) antinociceptive activity with dose-dependent activity observed only with the AEMM. Furthermore, the antinociception of AEDL was attenuated by naloxone, atropine, yohimbine and theophylline; AEMM was reversed by yohimbine, theophylline, thioperamide, pindolol, reserpine, and 4-chloro-DL-phenylalanine methyl ester hydrochloride; and of AEBP was inhibited by naloxone, haloperidol, yohimbine and reserpine. In conclusion, the antinociceptive activity of those extracts possibly involved the activation of several pain receptors (i.e. opioids, muscarinic, ${\alpha}_2$-adrenergic and adenosine receptors, adenosine, H3-histaminergic and $5HT_{1A}$, dopaminergic receptors).

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation

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