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Effects of Lavandula angustifolia Aroma on Electroencephalograms in Female Adults with Sleep Disorders

라벤더향이 수면장애가 있는 여자 성인의 뇌파에 미치는 영향

  • Jung, Han-Na (Department of Smart Foods and Drugs, Inje University) ;
  • Choi, Hyun-Ju (Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Inje University)
  • 정한나 (인제대학교 식의약생명공학과) ;
  • 최현주 (인제대학교 임상병리학과, 고령자라이프리디자인연구소)
  • Received : 2011.12.03
  • Accepted : 2012.01.25
  • Published : 2012.02.28

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of Lavandula angustifolia (L. angustifolia) aroma on the brain electrical activity evaluated by electroencephalogram (EEG) in female adults with sleep disorders. The subjects were 28 healthy female adults and their sleep disorders were classified by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. EEG electrodes were attached at the frontal (F3, F4), temporal (T3, T4), occipital (O1, O2), parietal (P3, P4), reference, and ground regions according to the International 10-20 system. Subjects were exposed to the L. angustifolia aroma for 3 min. Results showed that L. angustifolia aroma decreased the occipital and parietal alpha powers, and increased the frontal theta power and occipital beta power in subjects with good sleep quality. On the other hand, L. angustifolia aroma increased the theta power in the all cranial regions after aroma treatment in subjects with poor sleep quality. In conclusion, L. angustifolia aroma diminishes a state of wakefulness in the brain and helps individuals to fall asleep. Therefore, L. angustifolia aroma may have beneficial effect for female adults with sleep disorders.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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