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Experimental Analysis on Filtration-Permeation: Influence of the Type and Sheets of Filter Media, and Filtration Pressure

여과-투과에 대한 실험적 분석: 여과매체의 종류, 여과매체의 매수, 여과압력의 영향

  • Yim, Sung-Sam (Department of Environmental Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Song, Yun-Min (Department of Environmental Engineering, Inha University)
  • 임성삼 (인하대학교 사회기반시스템공학부 환경공학전공) ;
  • 송연민 (인하대학교 사회기반시스템공학부 환경공학전공)
  • Received : 2011.06.21
  • Accepted : 2011.08.25
  • Published : 2012.04.01

Abstract

The average specific cake resistance, the most important indicator for cake filtration and solid-liquid separation, is measured by filtration experiment. But the exact value is difficult to measure because of the other influences such as sedimentation during filtration. This study, a little more stable method named filtration-permeation is proposed for measuring average specific cake resistance. The filtration-permeation is composed of permeation of particle eliminated water through pre-formed cake by filtration. Using 1 wt% calcium carbonate suspension, the filtration-permeation experiments were performed for 8 kinds of filter media at the conditions of 0.5 atm and 0.2 atm, 1 and 3 sheets of filter media. At each specific condition, three to five times filtration-permeation were accomplished. As a result, stable permeation speed is measured. According to this experimental result, the characteristics of permeation and the effect of sedimentation are analyzed with Ruth's equation. The one way analysis of variance (one way ANOVA) is applied to the average specific cake resistances of filtration and permeation obtained with the selected three kinds of filter media. The average specific cake resistances between 0.5 atm and 0.2 atm by filtration do not distinguished, but those by permeation is perfectly distinguished. The experimental results during permeation have a very narrow distribution than that measured during filtration. The analysis of filtration experiments, it was verified that the resistance of filter medium by traditional method is of no significance. Finally, the migration of small particles through the medium composed of fiber glass at low pressure was studied.

케이크 여과와 고액분리에서 가장 중요한 지표인 케이크 평균 비저항을 결정하는 방법으로 여과실험을 사용하고 있으나 침전 등의 영향으로 정확한 값을 측정하기 어렵다. 이 연구에서는 조금 더 안정된 방법으로 여과 후 형성된 케이크에 입자제거수를 투과시켜 평균 비저항을 측정하는 여과-투과 실험을 제안한다. 탄산칼슘 1 wt% 현탁액을 사용하여 여과-투과 실험을 8종의 여과매체에 대하여 여과매체 1장과 3장, 압력 0.5 기압과 0.2 기압의 조건에서 각 조건 당 3~5회씩 동일한 실험을 수행하였다. 그 결과 여과 후 투과에서도 안정된 투과 속도가 측정됨을 확인하였고, 이를 바탕으로 Ruth의 공식을 분석하여 투과기간의 특징을 구명(究明) 하고 여과기간에 발생하는 침전의 영향을 분석하였다. 그 다음, 여과매체 3종을 선택하여 여과와 투과에서의 케이크 평균 비저항값으로 일원배치법에 의한 분석을 하였다. 분석결과 여과에 의해서는 0.5 기압과 0.2 기압의 케이크 평균 비저항값이 구분되지 않으나, 투과에 의해서는 충분히 구분되었다. 또한 투과기간의 케이크 평균 비저항값들이 여과기간의 그것에 비해 매우 좁은 분포를 가지는 것을 확인했다. 여러 여과매체의 여과 실험결과를 분석하여, 여과매체 저항을 현재의 방법으로 측정하는 것은 큰 의미가 없음을 밝혔고, 유리섬유 여과-투과 실험 결과로 낮은 압력에서 입자의 여과매체 이동 가능성에 대한 분석을 수행했다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 인하대학교

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