Evaluation of Sperm Sex-Sorting Method using Flow Cytometry in Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle)

  • Yoo, Han-Jun (Developmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Myung-poomHanwoo Consulting) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Jin (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Seung (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Chang-Woo (Gangwon Province Livestock Research Center) ;
  • Park, Joung-Jun (Developmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Myung-poomHanwoo Consulting) ;
  • Cheong, Hee-Tae (School of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yang, Boo-Keun (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Park, Choon-Keun (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2011.12.18
  • Accepted : 2012.02.25
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

This study evaluated a method of sorting X and Y chromosomes based on size using the forward angle light scatter related refractive index (FSC) of a flow cytometer. Hanwoo bulls sperm were separated to X and Y chromosomes by the parameters of FSC or Hoechst 33342 intensity. As a result, using monitor program linked flow cytometry during sorting processing, the purities were $97{\pm}0.57$ or $96{\pm}0.67%$ for the X-fraction and $96{\pm}0.33$ or $97{\pm}1.33%$ for the Y-fraction in the two sperm sorting methods. There were no differences in the X and Y ratios (X and Y %) between the sperm sorting methods based on FSC or DNA content. The proportions of female and male embryos used for in vitro fertilization and development were $66.03{\pm}3.31$ or $69.37{\pm}1.41%$, and $70.56{\pm}2.42$ or $56.11{\pm}3.09%$ when sperm were processed using the sex sorting method by FSC or Hoechst 33342. In conclusion, further study is needed to determine the optimum procedure and improve the nozzle to enhancing sorting accuracy or efficiency. Also, the findings of this study do not negate the possibility that the difference method of sperm sorting cannot use a UV laser beam.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Agricultural R&D Promotion Center (ARPC)

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