The Removal of Algae and Phosphorus in Eutrophic Waters Using Various Filter Media

몇 가지 여재를 이용한 부영양수 내의 조류 및 인 제거효과

  • Received : 2012.02.08
  • Accepted : 2012.03.15
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

In this study, the four different filter media (sponge, volcanic stone, activated carbon and magnesium hydroxide) were tested for the removal of algae and phosphorus in the two eutrophic water samples (natural water and artificial algal culture with BG-11 medium). These filter media were used in the column device as single or combined applications. The effect of the $Mg(OH)_2$ on phosphorus removal was examined using different particle sizes (<2 mm and >2 mm) and concentrations (0, 10, 50 and 100 g $L^{-1}$) of magnesium hydroxide. The removal efficiency of phosphate by magnesium hydroxide was increased with longer experimental time and higher concentration. However, there was no significant difference in the degree of phosphorus removal between any two particle sizes (1 mg P $L^{-1}$: F=0.109, P=0.685; 10 mg P $L^{-1}$: F=1.542, P=0.355). Among the four media, activated carbon showed the most potent effect on the removal of both algae and phosphorus. The highest removal efficiency of algae and phosphorus was obtained by combining four columns of each filter medium. Interestingly, integration of four filter columns showed higher removal efficiency than activated carbon alone. The highest removal efficiency by integrated filter columns seemed to be caused by a synergistic effect of combined activated carbon and magnesium hydroxide.

본 연구는 자연수와 인공조류 배양수(BG-11 medium) 등 두 가지 부영양 실험수를 이용하여 네 가지의 여재(스펀지, 화산석, 활성탄, 수산화마그네슘)의 단독 및 혼합여재 적용에 따른 조류 및 인 제거효과를 조사하였다. 혼합여재는 컬럼 여과장치에 각각의 여재를 충진후, 스펀지, 화산석, 활성탄, 수산화마그네슘의 순서로 연결하여 단독으로 여과할 때와 서로 비교하였다. 또한 여재로 사용한 수산화마그네슘의 첨가량 및 입자크기를 조절하여 인 제거효과를 비교하였다. 수산화마그네슘은 두 가지 입경(2 mm 이상 및 이하) 모두에서 높은 인 제거효과를 보였으며, 반응시간 및 첨가량 증가에 따라 인 제거효과가 증가하였다. 단독여재의 적용 결과, 4가지 여재 중 활성탄은 조류 및 인 제거에 매우 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 또한 활성탄을 이용한 단독여재와 비교하여 혼합여재를 통해 가장 높은 인 제거효율을 확인하였다. 이러한 결과를 토대로 혼합여재의 경우에는 제거효율이 높았던 활성탄과 수산화마그네슘 등의 조합 적용이 상승작용을 나타낸 것으로 사료된다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

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