A Study on the Relationship among the Types of Causes and Expressions of Anger, Social Competence and Emotional Intelligence in Children

초등학교 저학년 아동의 분노원인, 분노표현 유형과 사회적 유능감 및 정서지능 간의 관계 연구

  • Jang, Hye-Ju (School of Child Studies, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lim, Ji-Young (School of Child Studies, Kyungpook National University)
  • 장혜주 (경북대학교 아동학부.아동가족학전공) ;
  • 임지영 (경북대학교 아동학부.아동가족학전공/장수생활과학연구소)
  • Received : 2012.02.08
  • Accepted : 2012.05.31
  • Published : 2012.06.30


The purposes of this study were to verify the frequency of and causes and expression types of anger in children, which had been identified by means of a Q-tool and to investigate the relationship among the types of causes and expressions of anger, emotional intelligence, and social competence. The subjects of this study were 1,018 children aged between 8 to 10 years of age. MANCOVA and Logistic regression analysis were utilized. The major findings of this study were as follows : (1) a Q-Tool was developed through the selection of statements representing the feature of each type of anger, in terms of both-cause and expression. (2) Social competence revealed significant differences according to children's gender and emotional intelligence revealed significant differences according to children's gender and the types of anger causes, and (3) Emotional regulation out of subordinate variables of emotional intelligence, and interpersonal adjustment out of subordinate variables of social competence affected the types of expressions of anger in children.


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