A Structural Equation Model on Health Behavior Adherence for Elders with Prehypertension: Based on Self-Determination Theory

자기결정성 이론에 근거한 고혈압 전단계 노인의 건강행위이행 구조 모형

  • Received : 2012.05.18
  • Accepted : 2012.07.24
  • Published : 2012.08.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a hypothetical model which explains health behavior adherence in elderly people with prehypertension. The model was based on self-determination theory (SDT). Methods: Data were collected from June 21 to July 15, 2010, using self-report questionnaires. The participants were 140 elders with prehypertension who lived in D Metropolitan City. Collected data were analyzed using PASW 18.0 for descriptive statistics and correlation analysis and AMOS 5.0 for covariance structure analysis. Results: It appeared that the overall fit index was good with a ${\chi}^2$ score of 13.23 (p<0.05), GFI of 0.97, AGFI of 0.79 and RMR of 0.28 in the modified model. The results revealed that significant main effects of both health provider's autonomy support and autonomous motivations were found on the measure of health behavior adherence. These factors explained 72% of variance in the participants, health behavior adherence. Conclusion: The overall findings may provide useful assistance in developing effective motivation-enhanced programs for health behavior adherence.



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