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Effects of Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses

간호사의 직무 스트레스, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 소진에 미치는 영향

  • 이정민 (중앙대학교 대학원) ;
  • 염영희 (중앙대학교 적십자간호대학)
  • Received : 2013.11.11
  • Accepted : 2013.12.01
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: The sample consisted of 268 nurses from two general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyunggi province. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$, Pearson Correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 49% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses. Conclusion: The results indicate that the factors influencing nurses' burnout are work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Therefore strategies to decrease work stress and compassion fatigue and to enhance compassion satisfaction for nurses are needed.

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