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Improvement Method of Sand Ground Using an Environmental Friendly Bio-grouting Material

친환경 바이오그라우팅을 이용한 모래지반 개량 공법

  • Kim, Dae-Hyeon (Department of Civil Engineering, Chosun University) ;
  • Sagong, Myung (New Transportation Research Center, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Ho (Department of Civil Engineering, Chosun University)
  • Received : 2013.09.05
  • Accepted : 2013.12.02
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the improvements in the strength and injection range of loose ground after injecting $CaCO_3$(created by microorganism reaction). For this purpose, three cases of single-layer (Sand, SP, SW) specimens were made in a 150mm D ${\times}$ 200mm H space and two cases of multi-layer specimens (SW/SP, SP/SW) were made in a 150mm D ${\times}$ 300mm H space. The specimens were made with a relative density of 30% of soft ground and an injection was given over a time of one day. The uniaxial compression strength was measured with a cone penetrometer and the injection range was observed by checking the bulb formation around the injection nozzle. Also, the compositions of the specimens were assessed through XRD analyses. Based on the test results, a compressive strength of 500kPa and 15cm thick cementation were noted due to the cementation of the soil. This implies that there are significant effects of the pore condition and size on bio-grouting technology.

본 연구에서는 미생물 반응으로 생성된 탄산칼슘을 현장조건과 유사한 장비로 제작하여 모래지반에 주입함으로 모래지반의 강도 개선 및 주입범위를 평가하고자 하였다. 본 연구를 분석하기 위해 단층토(Sand, SP, SW)는 D 150mm ${\times}$ H 200mm로 3가지 case를 제작하였고, 다층토(SW/SP, SP/SW)는 D 150mm ${\times}$ H 300mm로 제작하여 2가지 case를 Dr 30%인 연약지반으로 제작하여 1일 동안 주입실험을 수행하였다. 포켓관입시험기로 일축압축강도를 측정하였고, 주입노즐 주변의 구근형성을 통해 주입범위를 살펴보았다. 또한, XRD분석 통해 공시체내의 성분분석을 진행하였다. 그 결과, 다층토에서 SP/SW에서 전구간에 걸쳐 약 500kPa의 강도와 15cm 두께의 고결을 확인하였다. 이는 바이오그라우팅 기술이 지반의 간극 상태와 크기에 따라 주입 효과에 상당한 영향이 있음을 확인 할 수 있었다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 조선대학교

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