Application of Competitive ELISA Method for Estimation of Urinary Aflatoxin M1 Level

ELISA 방법을 이용한 요중 아플라톡신 M1 측정

  • Kim, Yong-Dae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Heon (Department of Preventive Medicine and Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University)
  • 김용대 (충북대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 의학연구소) ;
  • 김헌 (충북대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 의학연구소)
  • Received : 2013.01.02
  • Accepted : 2013.02.05
  • Published : 2013.02.28


We compared the efficacy of the competitive ELISA method for measuring the level of urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) with that of the HPLC-fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD) method. The recovery rate of AFM1 with the ELISA method was 105% (73-124%), and the coefficient of variation of the analysis was 6.85%. The ELISA method showed a 0.20 pg/ml and 0.62 pg/ml limit of detection and limit of quantitation, respectively. In correlation analysis, the two methods showed a very strong and statistically significant correlation (R=0.96, p<0.01). However, in spite of the strong correlation, the ELISA method tended to overestimate the urinary AFM1 concentration compared to the HPLC-FLD method. These results suggest that the competitive ELISA method may be a useful technique for measuring the AFM1 level in high-throughput urine samples, but it needs to be corrected with a regression equation from regression analysis with the HPLC-FLD method.


Supported by : 식품의약청


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  1. Current Immunoassay Methods for the Rapid Detection of Aflatoxin in Milk and Dairy Products vol.16, pp.5, 2017,