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Optical In-Situ Plasma Process Monitoring Technique for Detection of Abnormal Plasma Discharge

  • Hong, Sang Jeen (Department of Electronic Engineering, Myongji University) ;
  • Ahn, Jong Hwan (Department of Electronic Engineering, Myongji University) ;
  • Park, Won Taek (Department of Electronic Engineering, Myongji University) ;
  • May, Gary S. (School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology)
  • Received : 2011.11.08
  • Accepted : 2013.02.04
  • Published : 2013.04.25

Abstract

Advanced semiconductor manufacturing technology requires methods to maximize tool efficiency and improve product quality by reducing process variability. Real-time plasma process monitoring and diagnosis have become crucial for fault detection and classification (FDC) and advanced process control (APC). Additional sensors may increase the accuracy of detection of process anomalies, and optical monitoring methods are non-invasive. In this paper, we propose the use of a chromatic data acquisition system for real-time in-situ plasma process monitoring called the Plasma Eyes Chromatic System (PECS). The proposed system was initially tested in a six-inch research tool, and it was then further evaluated for its potential to detect process anomalies in an eight-inch production tool for etching blanket oxide films. Chromatic representation of the PECS output shows a clear correlation with small changes in process parameters, such as RF power, pressure, and gas flow. We also present how the PECS may be adapted as an in-situ plasma arc detector. The proposed system can provide useful indications of a faulty process in a timely and non-invasive manner for successful run-to-run (R2R) control and FDC.

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