Operative Treatment of the Ankle Fracture with Dislocation: Minimum 2-year Follow Up Results

탈구를 동반한 족관절 골절에서 수술적 치료 후 최소 2년 추시 결과

  • Jo, Sueng-Hwan (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Jun-Young (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine) ;
  • Cho, Sung-Won (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine) ;
  • Pak, Chi-Hyoung (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine)
  • 조승환 (조선대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실) ;
  • 이준영 (조선대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실) ;
  • 조성원 (조선대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실) ;
  • 박치형 (조선대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실)
  • Received : 2013.01.20
  • Accepted : 2013.02.14
  • Published : 2013.03.15

Abstract

Purpose: In previous study, the frequency of osteoarthritis and discomfort were high in ankle fracture-dislocation but detail results about ankle fracture-dislocation has rarely been investigated. In this study, we retrospectively analyze the outcome of the operative treatment of ankle fracture with dislocation for over-2 years follow up. Materials and Methods: There were 47 cases of ankle fracture-dislocation in our hospital from March 2007 to May 2010. We investigated 20 patients who underwent operation and were possible for over-2 years follow up. The result was estimated with the direction of dislocation, fracture type, the time of bone union and post-traumatic osteoarthritis with plain radiologic images. In clinical assessment, we statistically evaluated the function and pain through AOFAS score and Olerud & Molander scoring system. Results: By Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 13 cases(65%) of pronation-external rotation and 6 cases(30%) of supination-external rotation, 1 case(5%) of supination-adduction. AOFAS score was 85.5, and Olerud & Molander score was "excellent" in 8 cases, "good" in 5 cases, "fair" in 3 cases and "poor" in 4 cases. Postoperative complications in 4 cases revealed post-traumatic arthritis. All kinds of lateral dislocation of ankle fracture was 15 cases and the most common. Of these, all 3 cases, anterolateral dislocation showed post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Conclusion: In ankle fracture-dislocation, post-traumatic osteoarthritis occurred in 4 of 20 patient(20%). Especially, the possibility of post-traumatic osteoarthritis was more in cases of anterolateral or lateral dislocation. So, it must be needed that deliberate examination, for example, preoperative MRI and sufficient explanation to patient. Also, we have to follow up the patients carefully.

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