Trends in the Technology and Market of Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse and Development Directions

하.폐수 처리용 MBR 분리막 기술 및 산업동향과 발전방향

  • Cho, Il Hyoung (Department of Environmental and Energy Systems Engineering, R&D Center for Advanced Technology of Wastewater Treatment and Reuse, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Kim, Ji Tae (Department of Environmental and Energy Systems Engineering, R&D Center for Advanced Technology of Wastewater Treatment and Reuse, Kyonggi University)
  • 조일형 (경기대학교 환경에너지시스템공학과 하.폐수고도처리기술개발사업단) ;
  • 김지태 (경기대학교 환경에너지시스템공학과 하.폐수고도처리기술개발사업단)
  • Received : 2012.12.04
  • Accepted : 2013.02.20
  • Published : 2013.02.28

Abstract

The MBR technology has evolved rapidly over the past two decades with significant gains in performance and reliability, and reductions in costs. Membrane bioreactors (MBR) technology is widely recognised as offering a key option for enhanced wastewater treatment or reuse. The objective of this paper is then to critically review the remarkable achievement on the research and commercial applications of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology and to present current and potential MBR markets on a global scope. This brief review of the technology incorporates five key aspects : 1) evolution of MBR practice, 2) the commercial technologies of MBRs, 3) the largest MBR installations globally (e.g. > $10,000m^3/day$), 4) MBR market growth, and 5) directions for future research. Finally, the development directions of economical, environmental and technical aspects in MBRs; 1) investment costs; 2) effluent water quality; 3) membrane materials and modules; 4) MBR equipment and treatment process; 5) operating costs (higher energy & chemical consumption); and 6) sustainability such as anaerobic MBRs in the coming years were addressed.

MBR 기술은 지난 20여 년 동안 처리성능과 효율성 그리고 비용절감 측면에서 빠른 속도로 발전하고 있다. 또한 안정적인 하수처리와 하수재이용관점에서 핵심기술로 널리 인식되고 있다. 본고에서는 MBR 기술의 개발과 상업적 응용에 관한 발전과정을 재조명하고 세계 시장의 전망을 제시하고자 한다. 주요 적용기술에 대해 다음 5가지 측면에서 검토하여 제시하였는데 1) MBR 기술의 진화, 2) MRBs의 상업용 기술, 3) 대용량 MBR 플랜트 설치 사례, 4) MBR 시장의 성장, 5) 기술의 발전방향 순으로 제시하였다. 마지막으로 MBRs에 대한 경제적, 환경적, 그리고 기술적 측면에서 향후 발전방향을 1) 초기투자비, 2) 처리 수질, 3) 분리막 소재/모듈, 4) MBR 장비와 공정, 5) 운영비용, 향후 6) 혐기성 MBRs 공정과 같은 차세대 기술 분야로 나누어 제시하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

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