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Comparison of breast feeding practice rates and mothers' breast feeding empowerment in preterm, late preterm and early term infants

미숙아, 후기 미숙아와 조기 만삭아의 모유수유 실태 및 모유수유 임파워먼트 비교

  • Kim, Taeim (Department of Nursing, Daejeon University) ;
  • Jang, Gunja (Department of Nursing, Daegu University)
  • Received : 2013.04.25
  • Accepted : 2013.06.22
  • Published : 2013.07.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the breast feeding practice rates and mothers' breast feeding empowerment in preterm (gestation age [GA]<34), late preterm ($34{\leq}$GA<37), early term infants ($37{\leq}$GA<39). We surveyed 33 preterm, 22 late preterm, and 30 early term infants at a 'Baby-Friendly Hospital' in D city. The data were collected from October 1st, 2008 to February 28th, 2010 through the medical records of the infants and their mothers. We also checked the mothers' breast feeding empowerment at discharge day. The rate of breast feeding in the late preterm and preterm infants was significantly lower than that of the early term infants. The score of mothers' breast feeding empowerment in the late preterm and preterm infants was also significantly lower than that of the early term infants. The breast feeding education program is required for the mothers who have preterm and late preterm infants considering the low rate of breast feeding.

모유는 아기에게 필요한 풍부한 영양분을 고루 갖춘 우수한 영양 공급원으로 특히 미숙아의 성장발달에 매우 중요하지만 미숙아의 모유수유 실천정도는 매우 저조한 실정이다. 본 연구는 재태 연령을 기준으로 34주 미만 미숙아, 34주 0일에서 36주 6일의 후기 미숙아, 37주 0일에서 38주 6일의 조기 만삭아를 분만한 어머니를 대상으로 모유수유 실천율과 모유수유 임파워먼트를 비교 분석하기 위함이다. 병원 퇴원 당시 모유수유 실천율은 세 군 간에 유의한 차이가 있었다. 즉, 후기 미숙아와 34주 미만 미숙아의 모유수유 실천율은 조기 만삭아의 모유수유 실천율보다 낮았다. 또 모유수유 임파워먼트 총점에서도 34주 미만 미숙아 모와 후기 미숙아 모는 조기 만삭아 모보다 더 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 이는 국내 모유수유 실천율을 향상시키기 위해 미숙아 모를 대상으로 한 모유수유 증진 방안이 마련되어야 하고 이 때 모유수유 실천에 대한 자신감 부여가 필요함을 나타내는 결과이다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 대구대학교

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