Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Nursing Practice of Nurses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

신생아집중치료실 간호사의 모유수유에 대한 지식, 태도, 간호활동

  • Ra, Jin-Suk (College of Nursing, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Chae, Sun-Mi (College of Nursing & The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University)
  • 라진숙 (충남대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 채선미 (서울대학교 간호대학, 간호대학.간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2012.12.11
  • Accepted : 2013.03.08
  • Published : 2013.04.30


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe breastfeeding knowledge, attitude and nursing practice of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses. Methods: Survey methodology using a self administered questionnaire was employed as the research design. A total of 153 questionnaires from 7 university hospital NICUs in Seoul, Daejeon, and Daegu were used for data analysis. Results: The percentage of correct answers on the breastfeeding knowledge questions for the NICU nurses was 59.3%. The nurses in NICU reported a somewhat positive attitude to breastfeeding, mean per item $3.70{\pm}0.41$ on a scale of 5 points. Their breastfeeding nursing practice was at a moderate level, mean per item, $3.26{\pm}0.74$. Breastfeeding knowledge had significant correlations with breastfeeding attitude (r=.554, p<.001) and nursing practice (r=.203, p=.002). Also, There was a significant correlation between breastfeeding attitude and nursing practice (r=.243, p=.002). Conclusion: These results suggest that breastfeeding educational programs and strategies for NICU nurses should be developed to increase their breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and nursing practice.

목적 본 연구의 목적은 신생아중환자실 간호사의 모유수유에 대한 지식, 태도, 간호활동을 파악하고, 신생아집중치료실 간호사의 일반적 특성과 모유수유 특성에 따른 모유수유에 대한 지식, 태도 및 간호활동의 차이를 확인하고, 이들간의 상관관계를 파악하는 것이다. 방법 자가보고식 설문조사 방법을 적용하였으며, 서울과 대전, 대구의 총7개 대학병원의 신생아집중치료실 간호사 153명으로 자료수집 하였다. 결과 신생아집중치료실 간호사의 모유수유에 대한 지식은 59.3%의 정답율을 나타냈다. 그리고 모유수유에 대한 태도는 5점 척도에서 평점 $3.70{\pm}0.41$으로 다소 긍정적으로 확인되었다. 모유수유 간호활동은 중간정도로, 평점 $3.26{\pm}0.74$이었다. 모유수유 지식은 모유수유 태도(r=.554, p<.001) 및 모유수유 간호활동(r=.203, p=.002)과 유의한 양적 상관관계를 나타냈다. 모유수유 태도와 간호활동도 유의한 양적 상관관계를 보였다(r=.243, p=.002). 결론 본 연구의 결과는 신생아집중치료실 간호사의 모유수유 지식과 태도, 간호활동을 향상시킬 수 있도록 신생아집중치료실 간호사를 위한 모유수유 교육 프로그램 개발의 필요성을 지지한다.



Supported by : Chungnam National University


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