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Plastoglobule in chloroplast and its role in prenylquinone metabolism

엽록체 지질 소기관의 기능과 지질대사에서의 역할

  • Kim, Hyun Uk (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Ha (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Kyeong-Ryeol (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Jung, Su-Jin (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Roh, Kyung Hee (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Bum (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 김현욱 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부) ;
  • 김은하 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부) ;
  • 이경렬 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부) ;
  • 정수진 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부) ;
  • 노경희 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부) ;
  • 김종범 (농촌진흥청, 국립농업과학원, 농업생명자원부)
  • Received : 2013.09.08
  • Accepted : 2013.09.22
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Lipid droplets called plastoglobules are present in all plastid types. In chloroplasts, they are surrounded by the outer lipid monolayer from and connected to thylakoid membrane. The plastoglobule core contains the neutral lipids, which includes prenylquinones, triacylglycerols, and carotenoids. During stress and various developmental stages such as senescence, the size and number of plastoglobules increase due to the accumulation of lipids. Plastoglobules proteome revealed the presence of metabolic enzymes as well as structural proteins, plastoglobulins/fibrillins. Among the metabolic enzymes, the tocopherol cyclase, VTE1 and the NADPH quinine dehydrogenase, NDC1 have demonstrated that these participate in isoprenoid lipid metabolic pathways at the plastoglobule, notably in the metabolism of prenylquinones (tocopherol, plastoquinol and phylloquinone).

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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