Etiological risk factors of peri-implantitis : a literature review

임상가를 위한 특집 2 - 임플란트 주위염의 병인론적 위험요소에 대한 문헌적 고찰

  • Hwang, Jae Ho (Department of periodontology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
  • 황재호 (서울대학교 치의학대학원 치주과학교실)
  • Received : 2013.11.16
  • Accepted : 2013.11.28
  • Published : 2013.12.01


Because the implant is regarded as a common treatment. It is clinically important that systemic and local risk factor of threatening peri implant mucosa should be considered during the process. The most risk factors are detected in clinical diagnosis, but it might be difficult and not clear to recognize systemic or combined factors. This article reviews risk factors of peri-implantitis. Local factors are biomechanics, periodontal soft tissue characteristics, infected site and oral hygiene. Systemic factors are alcohol, smoking and genetic traits.



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