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Research Trends on Compassion Fatigue in Korea Nurses

간호사의 공감피로에 관한 국내연구동향

  • Cho, Ho Jin (Graduate School, College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Jung, Myun Sook (College of Nursing, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 조호진 (경상대학교 일반대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 정면숙 (경상대학교 간호대학.건강과학연구소)
  • Received : 2014.11.04
  • Accepted : 2014.12.04
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study were to analyze the research trends of compassion fatigue in Korea nurses and to suggest future research directions. Methods: For this study, RISS, KISTI, KISS, National Assembly Library databases were searched using the key words 'compassion fatigue', 'secondary traumatic stress', 'professional quality of life' that contains compassion fatigue as a sub-element, and 'nurses' for this study. A total of 124 articles published in June 2014 were searched and analyzed 19 articles for the final analysis. Results: The most frequently used study design was descriptive (N=17, 89.5%). High compassion fatigue was reported in this study. Factors affecting compassion fatigue were personal factors (e.g., age, health state, and sleep hours), work-related factors (e.g., experience with traumatized patients), and psychological factors (e.g., job stress, anxiety, excessive empathy, social support, and coping strategy). Finally, Consequence factors of compassion fatigue was reported burnout, silencing response and turnover intention. Conclusion: There was a few studies on compassion fatigue. Further research on compassion fatigue needs to use a variety of study designs instruments suitable for Korean nurses, and to develop management programs on compassion fatigue in nurses.

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