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Changes in photosynthesis and carbohydrate synthesis in response to elevated UV-B environment

고 자외선 환경에서 식물의 광합성, 기공조절 및 탄수화물 합성

  • 윤혜진 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과) ;
  • 성좌경 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과) ;
  • 이수연 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과) ;
  • 이예진 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과) ;
  • 하상건 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과) ;
  • 손연규 (국립농업과학원 토양비료과)
  • Received : 2014.08.25
  • Accepted : 2014.11.06
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

The ozone depletion has caused plants to be exposed to an increased penetration of solar ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. Enhanced UV-B radiation may have influence on biological functions of plant in many aspects including inhibition of photosynthesis. It is evident that UV-B can potentially impair the performance of all three main component processes of photosynthesis, the photophosphorylation reactions of the thylakoid membrane, the $CO_2$-fixation reactions of the Calvin cycle and stomatal control of $CO_2$ supply. Owing to these depressed reactions, the production and allocation of carbohydrates might be markedly affected, and therefore, the growth and development of plant are distinctly reduced. In this review paper, we provide basic theory and further researches in terms of photosynthesis and carbohydrate synthesis in response to elevated UV-B radiation.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 온도변화에 따른 작물영양관리 기술개발

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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