DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Extraction of Oil from Chlorella vulgaris Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Organic Solvent

초임계 이산화탄소와 유기용매를 이용한 Chlorella vulgaris 오일의 추출

  • Ryu, Jong-Hoon (Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Park, Mi-Ran (Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Lim, Giobin (Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Suwon)
  • Received : 2014.01.22
  • Accepted : 2014.03.17
  • Published : 2014.04.30

Abstract

Three different types of extraction processes, which used supercritical carbon dioxide ($SCCO_2$) and organic solvent, were attempted to improve the extraction yield of oil from Chlorella vulgaris: cosolvent-modified $SCCO_2$ extraction, $SCCO_2$ extraction with ultrasonic sample treatment in organic solvent, and static extraction with organic solvent followed by dynamic $SCCO_2$ extraction. Among these, the last $SCCO_2$ extraction process was found to be most effective in the extraction of oil. Compared with pure $SCCO_2$ extraction, the extraction yield of oil was observed to increase about 7 times.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Nigam, P. S. and A. Singh (2011) Production of liquid biofuels from renewable resources. Prog. Energy Comb. Sci. 37: 52-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2010.01.003
  2. Singh, A., D. Pant, N. E. Korres, A. S. Nizami, S. Prasad, and J. D. Murphy (2010) Key issues in life cycle assessment of ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass: challenges and perspectives. Bioresour. Technol. 101: 5003-5012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.11.062
  3. Singh, A., B. M. Smyth, and J. D. Murphy (2010) A biofuel strategy for Ireland with an emphasis on production of biomethane and minimization of land-take. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14: 277-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.004
  4. Demirbas, A. (2009) Political, economic and environmental impacts of biofuels: A review. Appl. Energy 86: S108-S117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.04.036
  5. Zhu, L. D., E. Hiltunen, E. Antila, J. J. Zhong, Z. H. Yuan, and Z. M. Wang (2014) Microalgal biofuels: Flexible bioenergies for sustainable development. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 30: 1035-1046. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.11.003
  6. Findlater, K. M. and M. Kandlikar (2011) Land use and secondgeneration biofuel feedstocks: The unconsidered impacts of Jatropha biodiesel in Rajasthan, India. Energ. Poli. 39: 3404-3413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.037
  7. Spolaore, P., C. Joannis-Cassan, E. Duran, and A. Isambert (2006) Commercial applications of microalgae. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 101: 87-96. https://doi.org/10.1263/jbb.101.87
  8. Patil, V., K. Q. Tran, and H. R. Giselrod (2008) Towards sustainable production of biofuels from microalgae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 9: 1188-1195. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9071188
  9. Sharif Hossain, A. B. M., A. Salleh, A. N. Boyce, P. Chowdhury, and M. Naqiuddin (2008) Biodiesel fuel production from algae as renewable energy. Am. J. Biochem. Biotechnol. 4: 250-254. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2008.250.254
  10. Bozan, B. and F. Temelli (2003) Extraction of poppy seed oil using supercritical $CO_2$. J. Food Sci. 68: 422-426. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb05688.x
  11. Salgin, U., O. Doker, and A. Calimli (2006) Extraction of sunflower oil with supercritical $CO_2$: Experiments and modeling. J. Supercrit. Fluids 38: 326-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2005.11.015
  12. Mercer, P. and R. E. Armenta (2011) Developments in oil extraction from microalgae. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 113: 539-547. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201000455
  13. Han, X., L. Cheng, R. Zhang, and J. Bi (2009) Extraction of safflower seed oil by supercritical $CO_2$. J. Food Eng. 92: 370-376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.12.002
  14. Macias-Sanchez, M. D., C. M. Serrano, M. R. Rodriguez, and E. M. de la Ossa (2009) Kinetics of the supercritical fluid extraction of carotenoids from microalgae with $CO_2$ and ethanol as cosolvent. Chem. Eng. J. 150: 104-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2008.12.006
  15. Ryu, J. H., M. R. Park, and G. Lim (2011) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oil from Chlorella vulgaris. KSBB J. 26: 453-458. https://doi.org/10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.5.453
  16. Diaz-Reinoso, B., A. Moure, H. Domnguez, and J. C. Parajo (2006) Supercritical $CO_2$ extraction and purification of compounds with antioxidant activity. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54: 2441-2469. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052858j
  17. Valderrama, J. O., M. Perrut, and W. Majewski (2003) Extraction of astaxantine and phycocyanine from microalgae with supercritical carbon dioxide. J. Chem. Eng. Data 48: 827-830. https://doi.org/10.1021/je020128r
  18. Dunford, N. T. and F. Temelli (1995) Extraction of phospholipids from canola with supercritical carbon dioxide and ethanol. JAOCS 72: 1009-1015. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02660713
  19. Tang, S., C. Qin, H. Wang, S. Li, and S. Tian (2011) Study on supercritical extraction of lipids and enrichment of DHA from oilrich microalgae. J. Supercrit. Fluids 57: 44-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2011.01.010
  20. Imahara, H., E. Minami, S. Hari, and S. Saka (2008) Thermal stability of biodiesel in supercritical methanol. Fuel 87: 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.003
  21. Lee, S. B. and J. D. Lee (2009) The effect of ultrasonic energy on esterification of vegetable oil. J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem. 20: 532-535.