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Community Structure and Environmental Factors of the Major Type of Pinus densiflora Populations in Korea

우리나라 소나무 주요유형지별 식생구조와 환경요인

  • Yoon, Jung Won (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Yong Shik (Department of landscape Architecture, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Gi Song (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Sung, Jung Won (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Park, Ki Hwan (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Chang Hyun (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Shin, Hyun Tak (Korea National Arboretum) ;
  • Yi, Myung Hoon (Department of landscape Architecture, Graduate School, Yeungnam University)
  • 윤정원 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 김용식 (영남대학교 조경학과) ;
  • 김기송 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 성정원 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 박기환 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 이창현 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 신현탁 (국립수목원) ;
  • 이명훈 (영남대학교 대학원 조경학과)
  • Received : 2013.04.05
  • Accepted : 2013.12.17
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

The populations of Pinus densiflora in South Korea were grouped into 4 types; Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus serrata, Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica, Community of Pinus densiflora-Fraxinus sieboldiana & Rhus javanica & Quercus mongolica and Community of Pinus densiflora-Prunus sargentii & Rhododendron mucronulatum. The Shannon diversity index was varied between 0.9171 and 1.5016, while the Similarity index was varied between 43.18 and 72.16. The species of Pinus densiflora are correlated positively significant with Carex humilis var. nana, Quercus serrata and Atractylodes ovata and negatively significant with Aster scaber and Sorbus alnifolia in order. According to the Correlation analysis, the relationship between the distribution of Pinus densiflora populations and the environment factors are closely related with the character of forest soil. Thus types for Pinus densiflora are differed. pH, Ex. K and Ex. Ca of Pinus densiflora populations effect No. of species and H'(shannon index). Canopy open effects No. of Individuals of Pinus densiflora community.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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