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In vitro Antioxidant Effects of Sarijang

사리장의 항산화 효과

  • Received : 2013.12.12
  • Accepted : 2014.03.20
  • Published : 2014.04.30

Abstract

Sarijang, a soy sauce made from fermented black soybean (Rhynchosia nulubilis), sulfur fed duck, dried bark of Ulmus davidiana, Allium sativum, and bamboo salt, has been demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. However, the antioxidant properties of Sarijang have not yet been elucidated. In this study, the antioxidant effects of Sarijang were investigated by determining total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH radical scavenging activity (DPPH RSA), total radical trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and cellular antioxidant capacity (CAC). The inhibitory effects of Sarijang on oxidative stress-induced DNA damage (200 ${\mu}M$ $H_2O_2$, 250 ${\mu}M$ Fe-NTA, and 200 ${\mu}M$ HNE) in human leukocytes were evaluated by comet assay. The TPC of Sarijang was $1.04{\pm}0.01$ mg GAE/mL. DPPH RSA, TRAP, and ORAC values of Sarijang increased in a dose-dependent manner. The $IC_{50}$ for DPPH RSA of Sarijang was $11.2{\pm}0.3$ mg/mL, whereas $IC_{50}$ of TRAP was $209.5{\pm}2.0$ mg/mL. 2,2'-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative stress and oxidative stress-induced DNA damage in HepG2 cells were effectively abrogated by all tested concentrations of Sarijang (1~100 ${\mu}g/mL$). These results suggest that Sarijang has antioxidative activity and protective effects against oxidative DNA damage.

본 연구에서는 서목태를 기본으로 하여 제조된 전통 발효물인 사리장의 항산화 활성 분석 및 comet assay를 이용한 DNA 손상 억제 효과를 분석하고자 하였다. 사리장의 총 폴리페놀 함량은 $1.04{\pm}0.01$ mg GAE/mL로 나타났다. 항산화 활성을 분석한 DPPH 라디칼 소거능 및 TRAP는 농도 의존적으로 활성이 증가하였으며, 각각의 $IC_{50}$은 11.2 mg/mL와 1.2 mM로 나타났다. ORAC 활성 역시 농도 의존적 증가 활성을 나타내었다. 세포의 ROS 소거능(CAC)은 사리장 처리구의 모든 농도(10~100 ${\mu}g/mL$)에서 NC와 동일한 수준의 ROS 억제 활성을 나타내었다. Comet assay를 이용한 DNA 손상 보호 효과는 $H_2O_2$, Fe-NTA 그리고 HNE에 의한 산화적 스트레스에 의한 DNA 손상을 농도 의존적으로 보호하는 것으로 나타났으며, $IC_{50}$$H_2O_2$ 처리군이 13.4 ${\mu}g/mL$, Fe-NTA 처리군이 32.2 ${\mu}g/mL$, HNE 처리군이 59.9 ${\mu}g/mL$로 나타났다. 이상의 결과들은 사리장이 항산화 관련 생리활성을 가지는 것으로 판단되며, 향후 사리장에 포함된 생리활성 성분의 탐색과 in vivo 모델을 통한 생리활성 연구가 이루어져야 할 것으로 보인다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 중소기업청

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