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The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Function on Climacteric Symptoms and Quality of Life in the Middle-aged Women

중년여성의 갱년기 증상과 삶의 질의 관계에 대한 인지기능의 매개효과

  • 이정화 (영남이공대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김경혜 (김천과학대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김경덕 (동양대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.03
  • Accepted : 2014.07.10
  • Published : 2014.07.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to extend the understanding and knowledge by examining the effect of climacteric symptoms and the cognitive function on QoL(Quality of life) of middle aged women. This study was conducted from March 2nd to March 10th, 2014. The data was collected by self-report questionnaires from 204 middle aged women. There was a significantly positive correlation between the climacteric symptoms and cognitive function. A significantly negative correlation was observed between the climacteric symptoms and QoL. The climacteric symptoms were a direct predictor and an indirect predicator of QoL mediated by the cognitive function. The study suggests that nursing intervention is needed to manage the climacteric symptoms and cognitive function for improving the QoL of middle aged women.

본 연구의 목적은 중년여성의 갱년기 증상, 인지기능, 삶의 질의 정도를 규명하고, 삶의 질에 미치는 직 간접 효과를 파악하여, 중년여성의 삶의 질 향상에 기초자료를 제공하기 위함이다. 자료 수집은 2014년 3월 2일부터 3월 10일까지, A시와 Y시에 거주하는 지역사회 중년여성 204명을 대상으로 설문조사하였다. 연구결과, 중년여성의 갱년기 증상은 14.64/46점, 인지기능은 65.66/240점, 삶의 질 정도는 100.64/188점으로 나타났다. 갱년기 증상과 인지기능은 순상관관계로 나타났으며, 갱년기 증상과 삶의 질과는 역상관관계로 나타났다. 매개효과를 경로분석을 한 결과 갱년기 증상이 인지기능 및 삶의 질에 직 간접적으로 영향을 주는 것으로 확인되었다. 본 연구를 통하여 중년여성의 삶의 질 향상을 위해서는 갱년기 증상의 정도를 감소시키는 중재와 동시에 중년여성을 위한 인지기능 증진 프로그램이 적용되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

Keywords

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