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Evaluation for Optimal HUD Location on a Train Using EEG

뇌파를 이용한 열차 최적의 HUD위치 평가

  • Received : 2014.02.07
  • Accepted : 2014.10.29
  • Published : 2014.11.28

Abstract

This paper suggested a new evaluation method for optimal HUD position through a correlation based on between biological signal as and statistical analysis which using (Electroencephalogram, EEG) and ANOVA. This experiment was conducted two kinds of method to evaluate the optimal HUD position. At first, visual stimulus suggested from six different positions(the top and the bottom of the left, the top and the bottom of the center and the top and the bottom of the right on the screen) in laboratory and an object image was shown for 30 seconds in a screen which has $235{\times}197cm2$ size. And second, HUD image was configured from three different positions and an object image was shown for 30 seconds in a screen. EEG, which used ${\alpha}$-wave and ${\beta}$-wave for evaluate an emotional stability, were measured from Fp1, Fp2, F7 and F8 channel based on ten to twenty electrode system. From the result in laboratory, F7 ${\beta}$-wave was shown statistically significant to significance probability of 0.006 and between ${\alpha}$-wave and ${\beta}$-wave were showed a negative correlation(r=-0.190). Also, Both the top of left and the bottom of center were showed lower ${\beta}$-wave than the bottom of right. From the result in railway simulator, Fp1 ${\beta}$-wave was appeared statistically significant as significance probability of 0.033 and it was showed lower ${\beta}$-wave than center. The outcome of this study will be helpful about evaluation of optimal HUD position through correlation between alpha wave and beta wave.

본 논문은 뇌파와 ANOVA를 이용하여 생체신호와 통계 분석기반의 상관관계를 통해 열차 최적의 HUD위치를 평가하는 새로운 방법을 제안하였다. 본 연구에서는 최적의 HUD위치를 평가하기 위해 총 2가지 실험을 진행하였다. 첫 번째 연구실에서 각각 다른 여섯 위치(좌측 상단 및 하단, 중앙 상단 및 하단, 우측 상단 및 하단)에 시각자극을 제시하였고, 이미지는 $235{\times}197cm2$ 크기의 스크린에 30초동안 나타냈다. 두 번째 HUD 이미지는 철도시뮬레이터에서 각각 다른 세 군데에 구성하였고, 이미지는 스크린에 30초 동안 나타냈다. 뇌파는 정서적 안정성을 평가하기 위해 알파파와 베타파를 이용하였고, 10-20전극 배치법에 따라 Fp1, Fp2, F7, F8채널에서 측정하였다. 연구실 실험 결과, F7채널 베타파에서 유의확률 0.006으로 통계적으로 유의하게 나타났고, 알파파와 베타파 간 음의 상관관계(r=-0.190)가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 스크린의 좌측 상단, 중앙 하단 위치가 우측 하단 위치에 비해 베타파가 낮게 나타났다. 철도 시뮬레이터 실험 결과, Fp1베타파가 유의확률 0.033으로 통계적으로 유의하게 나타났고, 중앙보다는 좌측일 때 베타파가 낮게 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 알파 파와 베타 파 사이의 상관 관계를 통해 최적의 HUD 위치의 평가에 대한 도움이 될 것으로 생각된다.

Acknowledgement

Grant : ICT기반 열차운행 안전성 및 운영효율성 향상 기술개발

Supported by : 한국철도기술연구원

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