Relationships between Children's Dietary Self-efficacy, General Characteristics and Mother's Parenting Self-efficacy among Elementary School Students in Seoul Area

서울지역 일부 초등학생의 식이효능감과 아동의 특성 및 어머니 양육효능감과의 관련성 연구

  • Lim, Ji-ye (Seoul Namsung Elementary School) ;
  • Min, Sung Hee (Department of Oriental Medical Food and Nutrition, Semyung University) ;
  • Lee, Min June (Graduate School of Education, Yonsei University)
  • Received : 2015.09.07
  • Accepted : 2015.10.21
  • Published : 2015.12.30


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between children's dietary self-efficacy, general characteristics and mother's parenting self-efficacy among elementary school students. Mother's parenting self-efficacy was significantly higher as parents' educational levels increased (p<0.001), as family monthly income level increased (p<0.001), and when father's job was professional or managing work (p<0.001). Children's dietary self-efficacy was meaningfully higher when parents' educational levels were higher (p<0.01), and family income level was higher (p<0.01). Mother's parenting self-efficacy showed a correlation with children's dietary self-efficacy (p<0.001). All factors comprising parenting self-efficacy, such as 'general parenting self-efficacy' (p<0.001), 'healthy parenting self-efficacy' (p<0.001), 'communication parenting self-efficacy' (p<0.001), 'educational parenting self-efficacy' (p<0.001), and 'control parenting self-efficacy' (p<0.001) showed correlation with children's dietary self-efficacy. It is suggested that in order to improve children's dietary self-efficacy and mothers' parenting self-efficacy, families, schools, and communities must put forth a concerted effort. By complementing existing nutritional programs focusing on nutritional knowledge, one can develop a education program and social support to enhance children's dietary self-efficacy and mothers' parenting self-efficacy.


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