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Thermal and Hygroscopic Properties of Indoor Particulate Matter Collected on an Underground Subway Platform

  • Ma, Chang-Jin (Department of Environmental Science, Fukuoka Women's University) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-Bin (School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul) ;
  • Zhang, Daizhou (Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto) ;
  • Yamamoto, Mariko (Department of Environmental Science, Fukuoka Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Shin-Do (School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul)
  • Received : 2015.06.04
  • Accepted : 2015.08.24
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

In order to clarify the thermal and hygroscopic properties of indoor particulate matter (PM) in a semiclosed subway space, which is critically important for understanding of the distinctive particle formation processes as well as the assessment of their health effects, the size-resolved PMs (i.e., $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10-2.5}$) were intensively collected on the platform of Miasageori station on the Seoul Subway Line-4. The elemental concentrations in soluble and insoluble fractions were determined by PIXE from the bulkily pretreated $PM_{2.5}$. The thermal and hygroscopic characteristics of individual particles were investigated via a combination of the unique pretreatment techniques (i.e., the high-temperature rapid thermal process and the water dialysis) and SEM-EDX analysis. Iron and calcium were unequaled in insoluble and soluble $PM_{2.5}$ fractions, respectively, with overwhelming concentration. The SEM-EDX's elemental net-counts for the pre- and post-pyrolyzed PMs newly suggest that magnesium and several elements (i.e., silica, aluminum, and calcium) may be readily involved in the newly generated subway fine PM by a high-temperature thermal processing when trains are breaking and starting. Through the water dialysis technique, it turned out that calcium has meaningful amount of water soluble fraction. Furthermore, the concentrations of the counter-ions associated with the calcium in subway $PM_{10-2.5}$ were theoretically estimated.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport

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