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Converged Influencing Factors on the Stages of Change of Exercise in Middle Aged Women

중년여성의 운동행위변화단계에 미치는 융합적 영향요인

  • Received : 2015.08.04
  • Accepted : 2015.10.20
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse the convergent factors which influence on the stages of exercise behavior change of middle-aged women. 200 middle-aged women surveyed, 41 to 64years old, is residing D city, Chung-Nam province, who understand the purpose of this study and agree to participate in this study. This study data is analyzed by using frequency, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, $x^2$ test and Logistic regression analysis. The study show that the social support factors(${\beta}$=.998, p=.010) and the motives of exercise(${\beta}$=3.407, p<.001) among middle aged women have an effect on the stages of exercise behavior change meaningfully. That is, the social support of middle aged women who have exercise behavior change is 2.5 times higher than middle aged women who don't have exercise behavior change, and the motives of exercise is 20.1 times higher. Based on theoretical ground, this study suggests that government and community seek programs for promoting the exercise behavior, considering the motives of exercise and the social supports.

본 연구의 목적은 중년여성의 운동행위변화단계에 미치는 융합적 영향요인들을 분석하는 데 있다. 연구대상자는 충남의 D시에 거주하는 41세~64세까지의 중년여성으로 연구의 목적을 이해하고 연구에 참여할 것을 동의한 200명의 중년여성을 대상으로 설문조사하였다. 연구 자료는 빈도, 백분율, 평균, 표준편차, t-test, 다중 로지스틱 회귀분석을 이용하여 분석하였다. 중년여성의 사회적지지 요인은 중년여성의 운동행위 변화단계에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났고(${\beta}$=.998, p=.010), 운동 동기 요인 또한 중년여성의 운동행위 변화단계에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다(${\beta}$=3.407, p<.001). 즉, 운동행위 변화가 있는 중년여성이 운동행위 변화가 없는 중년여성에 비해 사회적 지지가 2.5배 높고, 운동 동기는 20.1배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 이론적 근거를 바탕으로 중년여성의 운동행위 지속을 유지시키기 위해서 운동 동기와 사회적 지지를 고려하여 국가와 지역사회 차원의 운동증진프로그램 운영 방안을 모색해야 할 것이다.

Keywords

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