Converged Influencing Factors on the Stages of Change of Exercise in Middle Aged Women

중년여성의 운동행위변화단계에 미치는 융합적 영향요인

  • Received : 2015.08.04
  • Accepted : 2015.10.20
  • Published : 2015.10.31


The purpose of this study is to analyse the convergent factors which influence on the stages of exercise behavior change of middle-aged women. 200 middle-aged women surveyed, 41 to 64years old, is residing D city, Chung-Nam province, who understand the purpose of this study and agree to participate in this study. This study data is analyzed by using frequency, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, $x^2$ test and Logistic regression analysis. The study show that the social support factors(${\beta}$=.998, p=.010) and the motives of exercise(${\beta}$=3.407, p<.001) among middle aged women have an effect on the stages of exercise behavior change meaningfully. That is, the social support of middle aged women who have exercise behavior change is 2.5 times higher than middle aged women who don't have exercise behavior change, and the motives of exercise is 20.1 times higher. Based on theoretical ground, this study suggests that government and community seek programs for promoting the exercise behavior, considering the motives of exercise and the social supports.

본 연구의 목적은 중년여성의 운동행위변화단계에 미치는 융합적 영향요인들을 분석하는 데 있다. 연구대상자는 충남의 D시에 거주하는 41세~64세까지의 중년여성으로 연구의 목적을 이해하고 연구에 참여할 것을 동의한 200명의 중년여성을 대상으로 설문조사하였다. 연구 자료는 빈도, 백분율, 평균, 표준편차, t-test, 다중 로지스틱 회귀분석을 이용하여 분석하였다. 중년여성의 사회적지지 요인은 중년여성의 운동행위 변화단계에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났고(${\beta}$=.998, p=.010), 운동 동기 요인 또한 중년여성의 운동행위 변화단계에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다(${\beta}$=3.407, p<.001). 즉, 운동행위 변화가 있는 중년여성이 운동행위 변화가 없는 중년여성에 비해 사회적 지지가 2.5배 높고, 운동 동기는 20.1배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 이론적 근거를 바탕으로 중년여성의 운동행위 지속을 유지시키기 위해서 운동 동기와 사회적 지지를 고려하여 국가와 지역사회 차원의 운동증진프로그램 운영 방안을 모색해야 할 것이다.



  1. H. S. Jeon, H. Y. Lee, "A Study on Subjective Happiness, Life Satisfaction Expectancy, Mindfulness and Social Support of the marital middle-aged women", Asian women, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 123-159, 2010.
  2. Herald, 0519105632660318_7, 2015.
  3. Y. S. Lee, J. S. Park, H. G. Lee, Y. J. Park., et al., Women's Health Nursing II. Seoul: Hyeonmunsa, 2014.
  4. S, Y, Park, J. H. Shim, "Effect of 8 Weeks of Schoroth Exercise(Three-dimensional Convergence Exercise) on Pulmonary Function, Cobb's Angle, and Erector Spinae Muscle Activity in Idiopathic Scoliosis", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 61-68, 2014.
  5. H. Choi, "Menopause and Exercise", The Korean Society of Menopause, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 77-85, 2007.
  6. Y. M. Lee, H. S. Park, "A Study on the Stage of Change in Exercise Behaviors, Exercise Self Efficacy, Depression and Stress in Middle Aged Women", Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 218-225, 2004.
  7. M. A. Choi, Y. S. Ha, G. S. Kim, M. S. Lee, J. A. Choi, "A Study on Exercise Behavior, Exercise Environment and Social Support of Middle-Aged Women", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 101-110, 2008.
  8. 2014 women's lives to see the statistics, ard?bmode=read&aSeq=327975, 2014.
  9. 2015 women watch the statistics of life,, 2015.
  10. H. U. Park, S. H. Seo, S. A. Kang, "The Relationship Among the Participation Motive, Exercise Immersion, Leisure Satisfaction, and Intention of Exercise Duration of Ski Club Members" Journal of Korean Physical Education Association for Girls and Women, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 115-128, 2010.
  11. Mi-Ok Lee, "Structural Equation Modeling On Exercise Adherence in Middle-Aged Who Engage Regular Exercise", Ph.D. dissertation. Seoul National University, 2015.
  12. Y. L. Kim, H. S. Jung, G. H. Bea, "Health Promotion Theory and Applied", Seoul: Korea National Open University Press, 2010.
  13. M. L. Kim, D. H. Lee, "Difference in Health Promoting Behaviors and Happiness among Middle- aged Women According to their Regular Excercise Participation and Perception of Health Condition", Korean journal of physical education, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 175-186, 2014.
  14. Woo-Cheol Kim, "A Study of self efficacy, depression, stress and perceived health status according to the stage of change for exercise behaviors in older adults", Ph.D. dissertation. Deagu Haany University, 2015.
  15. Moon-Sun Kim, "The Role of Self-efficacy, Social Support, and Neighborhood Environment in Exercise Behavior of Middle-aged Women", M.S. dissertation, Ajou University, 2014.
  16. Soo-Yeon Cho, "Comparison of Process of Change, Self-Efficacy, Decisional Balance and Personality by the Stages of Exercise Behavior in Middle-Aged Women", M.S. dissertation, Ajou University, 2010.
  17. B. H. Marcus, J. S. Rossi, V. C. Selby, R. S. Niaura, D. B. Abrams, "The Stages of Processes of Exercise Adoption and Maintenance in A Worksite Sample", Health Psychology, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 386-395, 1992.
  18. P. S. Lee, S. I. Kim, Y. J. Chun, S. Y. Kim, S. J. Lee, E. S. Park, et al., "Prediction Model for Decisional balance , Self - efficacy for Exercise and Stage of Change of Exercise in the Korean Elderly", Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 280-290, 1999.
  19. J. F. Sallis, R. M. Grossman, R. B. Pinski, T. L. Patterson, P. R. Nader, "The development of scales to measure social support for diet and exercise behaviors", Preventive Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 825-836, 1987.
  20. Jung-An Choi, "Construction of leisure physical activity model in middle-aged women". Ph.D. dissertation. Seoul National University, 2005.
  21. M. P. Lawston, M. Moss, M. Fulcomer, M. H. Kleben, "A Research and Service Oriented Multilevel Assessment Instrument", Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 91-99, 1982.
  22. Im-Sik Shin, "The Factors that influence the quality of life in cancer patients", M.S. dissertation, KyungHee University, 2005.
  23. P. S. Lee, S. O. Jang, "The Study on the Effect of Stage Based Exercise Motivational Intervention Program for the Elderly", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 818-834, 2001.
  24. E. McAuley, T. Duncan, V. V. Tammen, "Psychometric Properties of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory in a Competitive Sport Setting: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis", Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 48-58, 1989.
  25. Han-Bin Choi, "Influence of Intrinsic Motivation on Exercise Adherence and Exercise Addiction among the Leisure Sport Participants". M.S. dissertation, Sejong University, 2009.
  26. H. K. Lee, E. H. Shin, S. M. Hwang, "Influencing Factors on the Stages of Change of Exercise in Patients with Low Back Pain", The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 72-80, 2014.
  27. Y. J. Lee, N. Y. Lim, "A Study on the Stage of Change of Exercise Behavior and Related Factors in Patients with Chronic Arthritis", The Korean journal of fundamental of nursing, Vol, 13, No. 3, pp. 409-418, 2006.
  28. S. Elavsky, E. McAuley, "Physical activity, symptoms, esteem, and life satisfaction during menopause", Maturitas, Vol. 52, No. 3-4, pp. 374-385, 2005.
  29. T. Akune, S. Muraki, H. Oka, " Exercise habits during middle age are associated with lower prevalence of sarcopenia: the ROAD study", Osteoporosis International, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 1081-1088, 2014.
  30. H. S. Lee, "Relation Among Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, Self Efficacy, Social Support, Continuous Participating Intention", Korea Sports Association, Vol. 50, No. 5, pp. 309-323, 2011.
  31. M. A. Ribeiro, M. A. Martins, C. R. Carvalho, "Interventions to Increase Physical Activity in Middle-Aged Women at Workplace: A Randomized Controlled Trial", Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 1008-1015, 2014.
  32. H. K. Lee, S. S. Sung, "The Effect of Exercise Self-Efficacy and Leisure Constraints on Physical Activity-Focus on the Moderated Mediation of Leisure Constraints Negotiation", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 27-42, 2011.
  33. R. M. Ryan, E. L. Deci, "Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinc motivation, social development and well-being", American Psychologist, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 68-48, 2000.
  34. J. Buckworth, R. E. Lee, G. Regan, L. K. Schneider, C. C. Diclemente, "Decomposing intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for exercise: Application to stages of motivational readiness", Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 441-461, 2007.