DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Horse Riding Simulator Affect the Posture Alignment of Young Adults with Forward Head Posture

  • Hong, Chu-Yi (Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu University) ;
  • Jung, Nam-Jin (Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu University) ;
  • Na, Sang-Su (Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu University) ;
  • Hwangbo, Gak (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Daegu University)
  • Received : 2016.09.13
  • Accepted : 2016.10.07
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of correction on posture parameters between a horse riding simulator exercise and a conventional exercise occurring in an open linear chain linking the head to the pelvis in the sagittal plane of young adults with a forward head posture. METHODS: In this study, 30 subjects were randomly divided into two groups of 15 subjects each, were assigned to the horse riding simulator exercise or the neck exercise group and they performed exercise 30 minutes per each round two times a week for six weeks. To determine the subjects' forward head posture, the three angles and three distances were measured. RESULTS: The forward head angle and head distance results showed a significant change between pre and post intervention in both group. The horizontal distance between acromion and tragus results showed a significant change between pre and post intervention in neck exercise group (CG), but no significant change in horse riding simulator exercise group (EG). The averages of each measured values of EG and CG before and after were compared, but there are no significant different between groups. CONCLUSION: Although the effects of the horse riding exercise were lower than those elicited by the neck exercise, the results demonstrated that the horse riding simulator exercise improved posture alignment for subjects with forward head posture. Therefore, the horse riding simulator exercise can constitute an appropriate alternative exercise for subjects with forward head posture.

References

  1. Al-Eisa E, Egan D, Deluzio K, et al. Effects of pelvic asymmetry and low back pain on trunk kinematics during sitting: a comparison with standing. Spine. 2006;31(5):E135-E43. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000201325.89493.5f
  2. Bertoti DB. Effect of therapeutic horseback riding on posture in children with cerebral palsy. Phys Ther. 1988;68(10):1505-12.
  3. Borenstein DG, Wiesel SW, Boden SD. Lowback and neck pain: Comprehensive diagnosis and management (3rd ed). London. United kingdom. Elsvier Health Sciences. 2004.
  4. Borges MBS, Werneck MJdS, Silva MdLd, et al. Therapeutic effects of a horse riding simulator in children with cerebral palsy. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2011;69(5):799-804. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2011000600014
  5. Darling D, Kraus S, Glasheen-Wray M. Relationship of head posture and the rest position of the mandible. J Prosthet Dent. 1984;52(1):111-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(84)90192-6
  6. Diab AA. The role of forward head correction in management of adolescent idiopathic scoliotic patients: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2012;26(12):1123-32. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215512447085
  7. Dunleavy K, Neil J, Tallon A, et al. Reliability and validity of cervical position measurements in individuals with and without chronic neck pain. J Man Manip Ther. 2015;23(4):188-96. https://doi.org/10.1179/2042618614Y.0000000070
  8. Falla D, Jull G, Russell T, et al. Effect of neck exercise on sitting posture in patients with chronic neck pain. Phys Ther. 2007;87(4):408-17. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20060009
  9. Fernandez-de-las-Penas C, Alonso-Blanco C, Cuadrado M, et al. Neck mobility and forward head posture are not related to headache parameters in chronic tension‐type headache. Cephalalgia. 2007;27(2):158-64. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2006.01247.x
  10. Harman K, Hubley-Kozey CL, Butler H. Effectiveness of an exercise program to improve forward head posture in normal adults: a randomized, controlled 10-week trial. J Man Manip Ther. 2005;13(3):163-76. https://doi.org/10.1179/106698105790824888
  11. Herrero P, Asensio A, Garcia E, et al. Study of the therapeutic effects of an advanced hippotherapy simulator in children with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010;11(1):1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-11-1
  12. Herrero P, Gomez-Trullen EM, Asensio A, et al. Study of the therapeutic effects of a hippotherapy simulator in children with cerebral palsy: a stratified single-blind randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2012;26(12):1105-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215512444633
  13. Kendall FP, McCreary EK, Provance PG, et al. Muscles, testing and function: with posture and pain. Philadelphia, United States. Lippincott Williams and Wikins. 1993.
  14. Kim KH, Kim SG, Hwangbo G. The effects of horse-riding simulator exercise and Kendall exercise on the forward head posture. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015;27(4):1125-7. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.27.1125
  15. Kim SH, Kim KU. Change of cervical angle according to smartphone using time. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2014;9(2):141-9 https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2014.9.2.141
  16. Lee DR, Lee NG, Cha HJ, et al. The effect of robo-horseback riding therapy on spinal alignment and associated muscle size in MRI for a child with neuromuscular scoliosis: an experimenter-blind study. NeuroRehabilitation. 2011;29(1):23-7.
  17. Lee HS, Lee WC, Kim JH. The effects of neck assistive device considering Mckenzie type subjects with forward head posture. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2015;10(2):89-94. https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2015.10.2.89
  18. Lee HS, Chung HK, Park SW. The Analysis of severity of forward head posture with observation and photographic method. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2015;10(3):227-35.
  19. Nejati P, Lotfian S, Moezy A, et al. The study of correlation between forward head posture and neck pain in Iranian office workers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2015;28(2):295-303.
  20. Park JH, Shurtleff T, Engsberg J, et al. Comparison between the robo-horse and real horse movements for hippotherapy. Biomed Mater Eng. 2014;24(6):2603-10.
  21. Roddey TS, Olson SL, Grant SE. The effect of pectoralis muscle stretching on the resting position of the scapula in persons with varying degrees of forward head/rounded shoulder posture. J Man Manip Ther. 2002;10(3):124-8. https://doi.org/10.1179/106698102790819247
  22. Silkwood-Sherer D, Warmbier H. Effects of hippotherapy on postural stability, in persons with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2007;31(2):77-84. https://doi.org/10.1097/NPT.0b013e31806769f7
  23. Silva AG, Punt TD, Sharples P, et al. Head posture and neck pain of chronic nontraumatic origin: a comparison between patients and pain-free persons. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90(4):669-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.10.018
  24. Yip CHT, Chiu TTW, Poon ATK. The relationship between head posture and severity and disability of patients with neck pain. Man Ther. 2008;13(2):148-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2006.11.002
  25. Yu CH, Hong CU, Kang SR, et al. Analysis of basal physical fitness and lumbar muscle function according to indoor horse riding exercise. Biomed Mater Eng. 2014;24(6):2395-405.

Cited by

  1. The Effects of Hippotherapy for Physical, Cognitive and Psychological Factors in Children with Intellectual Disabilities vol.12, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2017.12.3.119