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Analysis of Ecosystem Service Value Change Using a Land Cover Map

토지피복 지도를 이용한 생태계 서비스 가치 변화 분석

  • Park, Meejeong (Dept. of Agricultural Environment Rural Environment & Resources Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Jeon, Jeong Bae (Dept. of Agricultural Environment Rural Environment & Resources Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Jin Ah (Dept. of Agricultural Environment Rural Environment & Resources Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Eun Ja (Dept. of Agricultural Environment Rural Environment & Resources Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Im, Chang Su (Dept. of Agricultural Environment Rural Environment & Resources Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 박미정 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업환경부 농촌환경자원과) ;
  • 전정배 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업환경부 농촌환경자원과) ;
  • 최진아 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업환경부 농촌환경자원과) ;
  • 김은자 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업환경부 농촌환경자원과) ;
  • 임창수 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업환경부 농촌환경자원과)
  • Received : 2016.10.04
  • Accepted : 2016.10.26
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

This study examined the effective uses of an ecosystem service value assessment in the fields of rural planning and development through archiving and reviewing/analyzing existing concepts, evaluation methods and prior examples of Ecosystem services. Based on land cover analysis, this study evaluated the usability changes in the ecosystem service value for a period spanning 1975 to 2000. The results from the countrywide data survey (with an exception of Jeju island) showed a 33.15% decrease in ESV by 2000. The total ESV represented 5,385 million USD in 1975, and 3,600 million USD in 2000 of the study area. In addition, the ecosystem service value with a scale of metro cities and provinces was also examined. The ESV of most regions decreased by 2000, but Daejeon and Kyeongnam, and Kyeongbuk provinces increased. The trends of year to year changes in the ESV were very diverse throughout the country. Jeonnam showed the smallest decrease, 747 million USD, which is 59% of the ESV in 1975. Nevertheless, the despite the regional differences in available natural resources, the natural resource assets value is ultimately determined by rural development policies and regional economic attributes. Therefore, an ecosystem service must be considered as an important criterion for rural planning and development policy.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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